Franz Joseph Haydn Symphony No. 2 in C Major ay JACKASS Biography: Franz Joseph Haydn was born on March 31, 1732 in Aurora, Austria. He was among the creators of the fundamental genres of classical music, and his influence upon later composers is immense. In his early life Franz Joseph Haydn was recruited at age 8 to the sing In the choir at SST. Stephens Cathedral In Vienna, where he went on to learn to play violin and keyboard. After he left the choir, he supported himself by teaching and playing violin, while studying counterpoint and harmony.
Haydn soon became an assistant to composer Nicola Purport in exchange for lessons, and in 1761 he was named Experimentalist, or “court musician,” at the palace of the Influential Esters;z family, a position that would financially support him for nearly 30 years. Isolated at the palace from other composers and musical trends, he was, as he put it, “forced to become original. ” While Haydn rose in the Esters;z family’s esteem, his popularity outside the palace walls also increased, and he eventually wrote as much music for publication as for the family.
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Several important works of this erred were commissions from abroad, such as the Paris symphonies (1785-1786) and the original orchestral version of “The Seven Last Words of Christ” (1786). Haydn came to feel sequestered and lonely, however, missing friends back in Vienna, such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, so In 1 791 , when a new Esters;z prince let Haydn go, he quickly accepted an invitation to go to England to conduct new symphonies. Audiences flocked to Heyday’s concerts, and during his time in England he generated some of his best-known work, including the “Rider” quartet and the Surprise, Military, Drummond and London symphonies.
Haydn returned to Vienna in 1795 and took up his former position with the Esters;sys, although only part-time. At this point, he was a public fugue in Vienna, and when he wasn’t at home composing, he was making frequent public appearances. With his health failing, his creative spirit outlasted his ability to harness It, and he died at age 77 on May 31, 1809 In Vienna, Austria -Haydn Is remembered as the first great symphonists and the composer who essentially invented the string quartet. The principal engineer of the classical style, Haydn exerted influence on the likes of Mozart, his student Ludwig van Beethoven and scores of others.
Information on the Symphony: Background information: Joseph Heyday’s Symphony No. 2 in C major is believed to have been written between 1757 and 1761. It Is scored for 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns, strings as well as the basso continuo also known as figured bass. Like many of the earliest symphonies by Haydn is in three movements: Movement 1 is Allegro, Movement 2 is in Andante in G Major, and Movement 3 is Presto. In the second movement, the wind Instruments are omitted and the violins play In semiquavers room start to finish with the pattern frequently broken by the use of trills.
The violas in this slow movement double the bass part throughout. The last movement is 1 OFF Ninth imitative processes. ” It is the only one of Heyday’s symphonies that contains no repeat signs. It is also one of his shortest symphonies and when performed it generally lasts less than ten minutes. Exposition: When the first theme starts it is in a syncopated rhythm with all the Instruments. After the syncopation it modulates to G major. One thing that is very prominent is the way Haydn starts the piece in middle C then Jumped down an octave then moving up the scale until he comes back to middle C.
Moving through the first theme the syncopation disappears and then reappears with the original underlying first theme in the second violin part as the theme slowly evolves into the second theme. You definitely hear the change in themes because you go from a very bouncy feeling to a more dramatic feel. When the second theme starts it modulates to G minor until it reaches the transition in which it modulates back to G Major. The transition carries over to the Repeated Exposition in G major it is in the strings only. E second time the second theme appears it is in G major and is quickly shift to a transition that modulates to B minor and Just as quickly in A major and then back to 3 major. This leads us into the development. Rhea Development: The development section is Just as lively as the beginning but is also short. It starts in C major. The melody goes back in forth between the treble and bass voices. When it modulates to G Major the notes become more syncopated that goes back and forth between the tonic and dominate. He ends the development with syncopation the strings only ending with a big Major 1 chord in G Major.
Recapitulation: The recapitulation starts with a modulation in C major and uses the same syncopated rhythm as at the beginning of theme one. Except when it moves to the second theme it modulates to Be Major. It is also very short that carries over right Into the closing theme. Closing Theme: The closing theme stays in C major until the end. In goes back and forth between tonic and dominant. He ends the entire piece with the beginning of the first them with the syncopated rhythm in only the violins and ends with a Perfect Authentic Cadence in C Major.