The flute family is the oldest of the woodwind family. The size of the tube has changed to respect Its bore shape. During the Renaissance, the flute was a simple wooden tube shape with an embouchure hole and finger holes. The bore of the baroque flute was adjusted to a slightly pointed conical shape with the larger range at the embouchure hole and the smaller radius at the bell end (History of the Flute). One of the most famous contributors of the modification of the flute is Debatable Boone. He was the son of a goldsmith and used that trade to his advantage.
Boone started making improvements to the flute such as adding more keys to the instrument and making the flute itself out of metal (19th Century). There are many famous flute players in the world but Debatable Boone stands out the most since he also helped to improve the flute. Boone took flute lessons with Johann Nepotism Sparkler and after two short years Sparkler told him that there is nothing left to teach Boone. From 1812-1818, he was first flautist of the royal Greathearted. From 1830- 1848 he was first flautist of the royal court orchestra In Munich.
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He started huge encore tours which lead him among other places to Vienna, Prague, Dressed, Berlin, Leipzig, Z;rich, Geneva, Venice, Strasbourg, London, and Paris. He Is recognized as the best flautist In Germany besides Foretaste In Dressed (Debatable Boone). Another famous flautist is Trio Anthony Dwyer. She is the former principal flute in the Boston Symphony Orchestra. She is also the first woman to be permanently selected to a principal chair of a major symphony orchestra. Dwyer has previously studied flute under Ernest Leigh, George Barrier, William Candid, and Joseph Marino.
Also, she was a member of the National Symphony and the Los Angles Philharmonic, and now currently a charter member of the Boston Symphony Chamber Players (Trio). Some famous composers of the flute include Mozart and Bach. They both came from deferent eras. Mozart was part of the Classical Era and Bach was part of the Baroque Era. The essence of the Baroque was filled with a feeling of community and collectivity. In keeping with Baroque practices, each movement of the Christmas Oratorio (Bach) Is monotheistic.
New compositional methods indicated the Classical music period of the Age of Enlightenment. The sonata form, achieved by Mozart, was its perfect manifestation. The emphasis was on drama and contrast within each movement through the introduction of multiple themes and rhythms, dynamic changes and discontinuities, and an emphasis on development of the musical elements (Coleman). Another famous composer of the flute was F. D. Kulak. His style reflected the Late Classical-Early Romanticism Period. He was not a flutist but he did become one of the most well-known flute composers of his time period.
His flute pieces include flute solos, flute with piano, flute duets, trios, ND groups, and chamber ensembles which Included flute (Classical Flute Composer). Some famous flute repertoire Included Bach’s Orchestral Suite No 2 in B minor. It featured an obbligato flute throughout the piece. Other pieces Included Debussy Syrian, Briber’s Flute Concerto, and Mozart Concerto for the flute and harp (Garrison). Other repertoires for the flute included Opulence’s Flute Sonata and Verse’s Density pieces such as Concerto in A Minor for recorder and 2 violins, REV 108 (ear. Or flute and strings), Flute Concerto in F Major, Pop. 10, No. 5, REV 434, and Concerto in C Major or 2 flutes, strings and basso continuo, REV 533 (Vivaldi). Gunter Schuler also wrote well-known concerto for the flute. The concerto is cast in the traditional fast-slow- fast three-movement format. The opening movement’s generally energetic thematic material, alternates with a more poetic, flowing waltz like second subject. The second movement begins with vague cymbal shimmering and quiet vibraphone and marimba tremolos, from which very slowly the solo flute and other orchestral Instruments emerge.