The romantic period In music was known from 1820-1990. Schubert, Schumann, Chopin, List, Burlier, Tchaikovsky, and Wagner were the most significant musicians of this time. As we know, Mozart and especially Beethoven’s works were popular not only in classical era, but also their emotional intensity associated with romanticism. Also, chamber music was used in both romantic and classical music. Still, there are many differences between classical and romantic music.
For example, romantic works tend to have greater dynamics, ranges of tone color, and pitch. In our class, we have learned that chamber music was one of the most popular types of music during the classical and romantic era. We also learned, that chamber music has many forms such as sonata (solo Instruments), accompanied Instruments (solo Instruments and keyboard (appropriate) ) and string quartet that has two violins, one viola and one cello. And now, we learned Its miniature forms that are lied, song cycle, and character piece. During the Lied we hear Plano and singer singing In German.
Also, if the music is strophic, then we hear same music repeated over and over but with different words. During the through-composed music we hear different words and music. In orchestral music we hear sections of string, brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments. Monumental forms of orchestral music are program symphony and concert overture. Program symphony is self-explanatory, as its name says it is a symphony with a program with several movements. Whereas, a concerto overture is telling a story that has one movement, usually in sonata form.
Symphonic poem, or tone poem Is very flexible and it separates the symphonic poem from the concert overture, which Is usually I sonata form. Franz Schubert (1797-1828) was born In Vienna, the son of a schoolmaster. Unlike other popular musicians of the time, he wasn’t very popular and known. He was the first Viennese composer whose income came from musical composition only. “l have come into the world for no other purpose but to compose”, once he told this to his friend. Schubert wrote over 600 songs.
The Reeling, a musical setting of narrative ballad of the super-natural by Goethe, is one of the earliest and finest examples of musical romanticism composed by Schubert. Robert Schumann (1810-1856) was born in Chukka, Germany. His father was a Kessler, from whom he acquired a love of literature and wrote poetry. In many ways he embodied musical romanticism. His works are Intensely autobiographical. “l am affected by everything that goes on In the world-politics, literature, people-I think It over In my own way, and then I long to express my feelings In music”.
One of his fingers was permanently crippled. Carnival Is one of his popular compositions that has a cycle of twenty-one brief pieces. And a French father. He was called a poet of piano because he wrote almost exclusively for the piano. When Chopin was about twenty, he composed his popular Nocturne in E Flat Major, Pop. , No. 2. It is a melancholic, slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano. An outstanding pacesetter named Franz List was born in Hungary. His father was an administrator for the same Strachey family that Hayden had served. He was very DOD looking man.
During sass he performed superhuman feats at the piano and overwhelmed the European musical public. Brahms said, “Whoever has not heard List cannot speak of piano playing”. His composition called “Transcendental Statues No. 10 in F Minor” is one of the virtuoso pieces of the romantic era. Hector Burlier (1803-1869) was one of the first French romantic composers and a raring creator of new orchestral sounds. He was born in a small town near Greenbelt. His music sounds unique. It includes abrupt contrasts between high woodwinds and low strings, snarling brass, and rumbling percussion.
The dynamics fluctuate continually, and the tempo changes many times. One of his great compositions is called “Symphonies fantastical”. Peter Lacily Tchaikovsky (1840-1893), the most famous Russian composer, came from a small town of Bodkins, where his father was a mining inspector. Tchaikovsky seemed to have married only to conceal his homosexuality. Eventually, he separated from his wife and never saw her again. All of his music contains beautiful melodies that stretch and leap widely, like dancers.
One of his greatest works is Romeo and Elite, Overture-Fantasy (1869). To conclude, with all the respect to those great musicians of this time, Italian Opera – Verdi and German Opera – Wagner are the most important ones. Italian opera was very popular, and its main emphasizes was on the music rather than the Norms. On the other hand, Wagner was the one whose works revolutionary. Unlike Italian Opera, he gave more importance to the words rather than music. His compositions were dramatic with continuous texture and huge orchestra.