Music Publishing has always plays a vital role In music business since mid- sass. The earliest printed music is known as religious chant from 1465. In fact, almost all the music printed before the 16th century belongs or owned by the Catholic Church. Since the 14th century until present times, Music Publishing has experienced a long progressive evolution. (Sonatas, Inc. 2013) With the Invention of the lithograph In 1798 which allows massive amounts of sheet music could be cheaply printed, it brought along a massive, palpable shift in lifestyle and production in the music market. Ibid 2013) In America, Over 10,000 popular ones were printed and that was the time when Publishers did not need to promote individual pieces as the homes were filled with the same music. (ibid 201 3) Looking deeper into modern music publishing, the roots can be traced back to the “Tin Pan Lealer, a name given to a group of music sheet publishers who collected on West 28th Street in the late 19th, early 20th Century in New York City. (B. N.

Shrug, 26 Novo 07) Tin Pan Alley was a major publisher during the time and they consists of publishing staffs included Plano demonstrators, arrangers, composers and lyricists, Hence, Tin Pan Alley became an assembly line creating popular songs. O. Flatus, 3 May 06) The Success was measured by the sale of sheet music. Around sometimes in 1913, the first sheet music sales chart was started by the Billboard Magazine, and the sales of sheet music and music related books was further boosted by the Vaudeville an Broadway, leading to the open up of new markets for sheet music. Ibid 3 May 06) On the other hand, the invention and introduction of Thomas Edition’s Gramophone and the phonograph cylinder coincides with the happening of Tin Pan alley. (B,N. Shrug, 26 Novo 07) Since then the advent of recording technology at the turn of 19th entry contributed to a shift and change in the way popular music is produced and consumed. (D. Furring. 2011) However the, dramatic shift from printed music to recorded music did not occur until the development of the (B. N Shrug, 26 Novo 07).

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Sheet music hung onto its popularity for some time, and was outpaced by records around the mid-sass. (Sonatas, Inc. 2013) Stephen Foster- one of America’s earliest and greatest songwriters is know to have died penniless. Despite its popularity, as royalties were nor recognized and unheard at the turn of the late 1 8th century. (J. Flatus, 3 May 06) An organization ASAP was hen formed in 1914 to protect the copyrighted music compositions of its members. (B. N Shrug, 26 Novo 07) Slowly in sass’s, the organization expanded with the Introduction of the new invention called radio. Ibid 26 Novo 07) In 1926, the first radio network was formed by The Westinghouse Broadcasting Company which also opened KODAK[2]. 0. Flatus, 3 May 06) Due to the owners of radio stations that did not like paying what they considered exorbitant license fees to ASAP for the performances of musical compositions, the broadcasters united and formed their own organizations called ml[3] in an effort to drive the license fees down. B. N Shrug, 26 After the vaudeville era, when more audiences were listening to the radio, airtime became a precious commodity. D. Jansen, 2 Novo 1988) Slowly, along with getting a star to use a song in the act or on the air, the publishers discovered that early in the history of Tin Pan Alley, the songs cover played a vital role in selling of the popular music sheet. (ibid, 2 Novo 1988) Starting from the mid-sass, publishers started to took great care and attentions with their covers to served as an incentive for the performer to retain the song and to encourage fans of the performer to purchase the heed as a souvenir. Ibid, 2 Novo 1988) Symbolically, Tin Pan Alley died on April 12, 1954 as the era of Tin Pan alley was over and taken by international rock ‘n’ roll star Elvis Presley that stirs up the new trend. And slowly the music business market were dominated by teenagers who valued the performance more than the written music and words. (ibid, 2 Novo 1988) And so it evolutes along with the time progressively Joint the present times. Music Publishing, in another way of expressing it is literally making music into money.

In present time frame, music publishers are concerned with administering uprights, licensing songs to record companies and others. Besides that they collects royalties on behalf of the songwriter. The royalties are divided into a different categories such as Mechanical royalties, Foreign Monies, Synchronization Licenses, Public Performance royalties etc due to the evolution progress of the market and era, the royalties formed for each and individual use and conditions. (K.

Alan, 2013) However, with the change of time and era, most of the Music Publishers are facing Challenges as the a lot of songwriters in present time are increasingly becoming as heir own music publishers, cutting out the “the middleman” which is the music publisher and dealing directly with managing and promoting their own catalogs. (Z. Kevin 2013) Besides that, with the rise of the technology, royalties and copyrights are more violated than before hence causing the gradual down fall and increase of hardships for Music publishers.

Furthermore, Piracy has becoming one of the biggest Issue in current time comparing to the past when technologies such as internet have not yet exist or popular. Leakage of the copyrighted materials goes viral everywhere n the internet causing a great amount of lost for music publishers. Hence, Music Publishers hangs on more to organizations such as CASES, IBM, ASAP or PROS. These are a form of performing rights organizations (PRO) in the US representing songwriters and music publishers and pays them performance royalties whenever their song are played in public. Z. Kevin 2013) In my personal opinions, in may be Just a decade of time or two, it will be harder for smaller music publisher to stand firm alone not depending or branch under the major music publishers. This is due to the increasing of of independent musician ND self music publishers. Hence it will contribute to decrease in clients or customers of the music publishers as they are less in demand in the market. However, the major music publishing will still remain standing firm as it still holds on different trends in the future.