A Free aerophone with reeds that are hidden within two rectangular headboards that are connected by a folding bellows, with keys or buttons to play a melody and chords.
A button accordion associated with the tango.
A type of urban gaucho reputed to be both Don Juan and pimp.
The Argentinian word for Cowboy
An Argentinian-derived style of song and dance.
A rhythmic effect that provides an unexpected accent, often temporarily unsettling the meter through a change in the established pattern of stressed and unstressed beats.
A tightly choreographed men’s group dance, originally from the Punjab region of North India and Pakistan, with pronounced leg and shoulder movements and occasional waving of arms high overhead.
A double-headed South Asian membranophone associated with bhangra.
A dance performed by Punjabi women that is equivalent to the male bhangra.
A fast dance in duple meter that has become identified with the Polish peoples, although it originated in Bohemia.
Conjunto music
A distinctive style of accordion music, popular among Mexican-Americans.
Conjunto ensemble
Includes: accordion, guitar, bass and percussion.
A style of urban Jamaican popular music that originated among the Rastafarians of Jamaica in the 1960s.
A religious movement from Jamaica whose adherents venerate the Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie
Ras Tafari
Ethiopian emperor – Haile Selassie.
Powwow in the Algonquian language
Native American social gatherings that feature ceremonies, celebrations and dance comptetitions.
Flag song
A Native American song performed during a powwow flag ceremony to honor the American flag.
War Dance
A Native American virtuosic war dance performed by men.
Fancy shawl dance
A dignified, traditional dance performed by Native American women with shawls draped over their arms.
Jingle dance
Native American women’s dance in present-day powwows, named after the metal jingles that cover festive dresses
Grass dance
A Native American women’s dance at powwows named after the fringed regalia worn in performance
A vocal sound of joy or celebration commonly produced by women in Africa and the Middle East
An end-blown Middle Eastern flute whose sound has a breathy quality.
Traditional Persian musical system consisting of a number of categories of melody that are distinguished by pitch content, melodic contours, and ornamentation.
A Middle Eastern membranophone with a goblet shape.
A corruption of the term “Acadian,” a French-speaking people in Louisiana; their style of music; their cultural life.
A Cajun term meaning dance music; the dance halls where such music is performed.
(1) A name used for the violin in the context of a wide range of Euro-American folk and vernacular musics. (2) Any bowed instrument of the lute family.
Dance music that emerged in the 1950s among the Creoles of the Gulf Coast. The name is said to derive from the French expression “the beans.”
Rub board
A scraped idiophone made of metal, used in the zydeco tradition (wash board, Froittoir).
Literally “empty orchestra”; live singing, usually into a microphone, with a recorded accompaniment, performed in restaurants, clubs, or private homes.
A Japanese aesthetic principle, literally “patterned form.”
A genre of popular song with melodramatic themes of love, used in Japanese karaoke.
A long-short rhythmic pattern consisting of a long beat followed by one that is half its duration.
Orquesta tipica
Tango music instrumental form consisting of piano, violin, and bandoneon. Later expanded to include, up to, four bandoneones; a string section with violins, a cello, a double bass and a piano.
Scums, outskirts, outlying areas.
Astor Piazzolla
Created a purely instrumental “new tango” one intended not for dancing but for the concert hall. His most famous tango is: Adios Nonino and Quinteto Tango Nuevo
Carlos Gardel
Singer most responsible for the internationalization of the tango. Performs the song La Cumparsita
A place or event where tango is danced.
One of the eight forms of Indian classical dances, originated from Uttar Pradesh, India
A lively form of music and dance that originated in the Punjab region in Pakistan. It is slower and more rhythmic form of bhangra and is a dance of ecstasy.
A pair of Punjabi woodwind instruments. It resembles a pair of wooden flutes.
Literally means tongs. This instrument is often used in popular Punjabi folk songs.
An hourglass-shaped gourd with stretched skin on heads. A thick cord or string pierces the center of the skin and a knob of wood is tied to the other end of the string.
A West Germanic language, spoken natively in South Africa, Namibia and to a lesser extent in Botswana and Zimbabwe
Racial segregation in South Africa began in colonial times under Dutch and British rule
A music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s. Emphasized the off-beats in a quadruple rhythmic pattern
Rock Steady
A music genre that originated in Jamaica around 1966. Slower than ska and anchored by a drum and bass line; the text discussed freedom and equality.
Peter Tosh
was a Jamaican reggae musician who was a core member of the band The Wailers (1963–1974), and who afterwards had a successful solo career as well as being a promoter of Rastafari.
Bob Marley
a Jamaican singer-songwriter and musician. He was the rhythm guitarist and lead singer for the ska, rocksteady and regga.