describes music with at least two distinct and simultaneous melodic lines. Another name for a polyphonic texture is counter point.
Ring SHout
Originally derived from African American religious practice, was a rhythmic dance performed in a circle.
Cross Rhythm
refer to the performance of simultaneous and contrasting rhythms such as patterns with double and triple groupings. Also can be called poly rhythms.
African American musical genre that flourished from the late 1890s through the mid 1910s and is based on constant syncopation in the right hand often accompanied by a steady march bass in the left hand.
New Orleans Jazz OFTEN called Dixieland or Dixieland Jazz
Originated i the New Orleans and flourished in the late 1910s and 1920s. Often had a front line of trumpet or cornet, trombone or cornet, accompanied by rhythm section of piano, guitar and drums.
Collective improvisation
Often applied to the simultaneous improving of the New Orleans )Dixieland) jazz ensemble.
Combines jazz or jazz values with other styles and music of other cultures.
Free Jazz
Refers to the 1960s jazz sub style that over turned many of the traditional elements of the music. It’s also known as avants garde and the New Thing
Ghost bans
Are groups whose founding fathers have died but who continue to travel and work under new direction.
Hard Bop
was a jazz movement of the 1950s that drew on the speed, intensity, and power of the bebop an sometimes married bop to gospel and blues-influenced music.
Is the art of creating music spontaneously. The essence of jazz, it refers to a performance technique in which the improviser or soloist creates a melody that fits the form melody of the piece.
Jazz Pedagogy
Compromises the methods and the philosophies of teaching students how to perform jazz.
Jazz Repertory Movement
Refers to ensemble devoted to the re-creation and performance of the works of historically significant Jazz artists. Just as classical music has accepted repertory of great works trying to establish official cannon for jazz.
Jazz Rock
A form of jazz that combines elements of rock (or R funk) and jazz. Also known as jazz-funk or fusion.
Is an acronym for Musical Instrument Digital Interference. This standard language allows computers to control synthesizers of samples.
Creoles of Color
Were people of mixed black and white ancestry. Until the late nineteenth century, they enjoyed more freedom and were better edicated than the general black population.
was a form of musical theater and variety show that flourished in the nineteenth century. Traveling troupes perfromed songs, dances, and skits based on caricatures of African Americans. Performed by both blacks and whites in blackfaces, minstrelsy is often considered the first distinctively US musical genre.
Model jazz
A body of music that uses one or more of the following characteristics; model scales for improving slow harmonic rhythm, pedal paints and the absence of suppression of functional harmonic relationships. Jazz come from Miles Davis’s recording kind of blue (1959) and the recordings of John Coltrane’s classical quartet (1960-1964)
Call and response
A solo vocalist sings one line (often improvised) and then a group responds. IN African traditions, the group tends to overlap the original solo part.
refers to a technique of responding of introducing more than one note at a time on a standard fingering and appropriate embouchure, the player produces a multiple “Chords” effect. The technique is difficult to control, may be strident and is generally associated with avant-grade playing.
A short melodic fragment used as the basis for improvisation or development.
The disruption of regular meter that occurs when the weaker notes of the designed meter receive unexpectedly stronger accents, as in the second and fourth beats in 4/4 meter receiving stronger accents.
pros and cons of Mistrel
Pros: cakewalk started
deliver to the masses
Mississippi Delta-cities

CONS: stereotyping

Maple Leaf Rag
Scott Joplin
Creole clarinetist
Sidney Bechet
Buddy Bolden
My band is considered by many to the first jazz band. I am the cornet player who could play so loud, “I could keep the rain fro falling to the ground.” There are no recordings of my music only legends about my playing. I walked out on Mardi Gras and was committed to an asylum/ Who am I?
Billie Holiday
I am the female jazz vocalist who sang the song ” Strange Fruit” I had a tragic childhood and was addicted to heroin as an adult. I sang with The Count Basic Orchestra and with small groups at the Cafe Society. Who am I?
Bix Beiderbecke
I am the cornet player from Davenport, Iowa who drank himself to an early death. I am considered the first great white jazz soloist. My solo was melodic and I was popular in the Chicago music scene. I will move to New York and be a featured soloist with the Paul Whiteman Orchestra. Who am I?
Joe Oliver
I am the trumpet King who brought Louis Armstrong to Chicago to play with any Creole Orchestra. Who am I?
Jelly Roll Morton
I am the New Orleans piano player who claims to have invented jazz. I am the first wo write down jazz compositions. I got my start playing in the bordellos of New Orleans. I told my grandmother I was a night watchman. Who am I?
Congo Square
I am int eh area in New Orleans where slaves would gather on Sunday to sing and fance. I became a popular tourist attraction in the mid 1800’s. I am now part of Louis Armstrong Park. Who am I?
I am the famous red light district of New Orleans where slaves would gather on Sunday to sing and dance. I am now part of Louis Armstrong Park. Who am I?
Lil Hardin
I am the piano player in King Oliver’s band who marries Louis Armstrong and helps to promote his career. I am a graduate of Fisk University and one of the most important musicians in Chicago. Who am I?
Earl Hines
I am the piano player who will collaborate with Louis on some of the greatest recordings of the day. My style of playing will use “trumpet or horn like lines.” This will influence piano players to follow. Who am I?
Creole Swingers
Which was not a name for one of Louis Armstrong’s bands?