— Dr. John Long Middle School
Beginning Choir 

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Vocabulary Words




–Flash Cards by Anthony Fields–




Beginning Choir

led by

Mrs. McCormick~







1-2 3 4


Eighth Note


This typically recieves 1/2 a beat, but often can recieve more.




Quarter Note

This is one beat in length.



Half Note

This is two beats in length.



Whole Note

This item is 4 beats in length.








Eighth Rest


This recieves half of a beat, but can often be more or less.


Quarter Rest


Typically, this rest recieves 1 beat of silence, but sometimes it can be more or less.


Whole Rest


This typically recieves four beats of silence, but it can often be more or less.


Half Rest


This typically recieves two beats of silence, but it can often be more or less.











Soft, but not too soft.





A dynamic meaning “very, very soft”.





A dynamic meaning “loud”.





A dynamic meaning “very, very loud”.








Grand Staff


Two or more staffs conjoined together with a brace at the beginning and a double bar at the end.




Treble Clef


This staff is played with the right hand on piano, but on singing, it is the highest pitch or range of the Grand Staff. It on the top of the Grand Staff. Usually, a Soprano II or Soprano I would sing up here.


Bass Clef


This part is played with the left hand in piano, but in singing it is the lowest pitch or range of the Grand Staff and is on the bottom of it. Altos and low Sepranos II usually sing around here.








D.C. al Fine


Another word for “Coda”, meaning that there is an additional ending or that the song isn’t over.




An additional ending, basically meaning that the song isn’t over and there’s still more to play/sing.




The official ending after a DC. al Fine (or Coda).



Measure (Bar)

This usually consists of a “train car” that is 4 beats long. However, it can often be more or less according the the key signatures.



Key Signature


This will tell you how to play the song. It includes a top number in which tells you how many beats in each measure and a bottom of which tells you what note recieves one beat. 4/4 is common, but sometimes signatures like 3/4, 3/2, or even 2/2 pitch in. 





This is a symbol used to cancel out sharps or flats which will, in turn, raise or lower in pitch.




Two or more notes played at the same time. One note can also be played to be concidered a “one-finger _____”



Vocabulary Words

Not Learned Yet

in Class




These are all vocabulary words we have not learned yet in class.


Piano pianissimo



A dynamic meaning “as soft as possible”.


Forte fortissimo



A dynamic meaning “as loud as possible”.


Sixteenth Note


This recieves a sixteenth of a beat, but can often be more or less.


Sixteenth Rest


This recieves a sixteenth of a beat, but can often be more or less.



This gives a note + 1/2 the amount of beats it currently has. For example, a quarter note would recieve 1 1/2 beats, while a dotted whole note, if it existed, would recieve 6 notes. There can also be more than one of these, such as a “double-” or a “triple-“, but these are usually in more advanced types of music.


Dotted Quarter Note

This quarter note usually recieves a 1/2 beat extra.


Dotted Half Note


This half note usually recieves one extra beat, as half of the beat count of this note is one.




Gradually getting louder and louder into the song.



This cresendo gradually makes the music softer.




Extra beat(s) that are given to a note depending on what the time signature is.




A brisk, quick beat. The dots for these are just above the note or just below the note, and the note keys are lifted up quickly, so the chorist needs to be prepared.


Chromatic (Scale)


Usually a scale consisting of half-steps going up or down.