Main regions of the African continent
Sub-sahara, Sahara Desert, Pan-Arabic region (North Africa)
Listening track: Ghana (two total)
Polyrhythmic drum ensemble AND a talking drum (the boy alternating speech with drumming)
Listening track: Nigeria
Juju popular music. Drums, guitar, voice (choir and leader), bass, talking drum, organ
Listening track: Congo
Pygmy tribe: yodeling vocals densely layered, simple percussion, call and response
Listening: Zimbabwe
Mbira song with rattle
Listening: Uganda
Crazy xylophone playing!
Listening: Senegal/Gambia
Kora and voice: a praise song
Listening: South Africa (two total)
Zulu Mbube choir. A cappella singing
Who created the borders of African nations, and what problem does this create?
The European colonizers, not the Africans. Thus, the people groups (cultures) were split between countries.
CONCEPT: communal nature of Africans and African music
(from lecture, “10 Generalizations of Sub-Saharan music” points 1-6)
CONCEPT: 4 specific traits of African music
(from lecture, “10 Generalizations of Sub-Saharan music” points 7-10): Polyrhythmic, built on layers of ostinatos, often conversational in nature, often uses buzzing sounds
when music is learned through everyday activities and exposure, rather than through formal teaching.
a mix of African folk music and Western pop music, especially popular in West Africa.
the popular music of Nigeria (a sub-genre of “Afro-pop”)
Mbira (Zimbabwe)
South African a cappella choirs, from the townships.
the poet-singers of Senegal & Gambia who use the Kora to sing Praise Songs
Praise Songs
a song sung in honor of a person. (In this book, associated with Senegal/Gambia and the Kora players)
Water Drumming
a genre of music of the Congo Pygmies where they literally drum on water.
What instrument holds the polyrythmic music of Ghana together?
the bell
Xylophone (Uganda)
Talking Drum
Which country we studied uses their music for a spirit possession ceremony?
Zimbabwe, while playing the Mbira