artists distort reality for an emotional effect
Style used by Dizzy Gillespy and Charles Parker, fast tempos & complex harmonies.
Form follows function in architecture. Zorn, Adams, Rochley
French artistic movement first applied to the paintings of Claude Money
Big Band Jazz
Large ensembles meant to be heard across big dance floors
commonly called avant-garde
Folk Music
music born of anonymous authors passed down by word of mouth
principles from past music applied to modern music. Stravinsky
Free Jazz
The loosest possible framework for free exploration
Speaking voice. Pierre Luniere. Asks person to speak on pitches
1970s style that fuses jazz and rock and roll
Artistic style featuring suggestion rather than outright statement
A western music from the US featuring unredictability and performance
Twelve-Tone Technique
also referred to as serialism
Latin Jazz
Jazz stemming from Latin American musicians
“Out” Jazz
An outsider’s art which emphasized harmony outside of tonality
Piano Rolls
Used by Joplin to operate player pianos, used to demonstrate proper music
Piano Rolls
Used by Joplin to operate player pianos, used to demonstrate proper music
Thelonius Monk
Jazz pianist least representative of the bebop style
George Crumb
Used unusual timbres and extended techniques
Igor Stravinsky
Initially composed for the ballet Russe & wrote rite of Spring
Claude Debussy
Borrowed ideas from Indonesian and Russian music, pentatonic sclae
Karlheinz Stockhausen
German composer who admired Webern
Sergei Diaghliev
A Russian impresario
Edgard Varese
Father of electonic music
Paul Hindemith
Germany’s leading neo-classicist
Anton Webern
Also Shoenburg’s student, made invovations to the 12 tone technique with rhythm and pitch and dynamics
Milton Babbitt
An expert mathmatician
Charles Ives
First composer of experimental music. Used polytonality
Louis Armstrong
Trumpet player. Most influential in New Orleans jazz
John Adams
Bela Bartok
Hungarian, collects folk songs
Oliver Messiaen
French composer organist, and ornithologist, studied birdsong
Duke Ellington
Composer and the band leader who wrote over 1000 pieces
Alban Berg
A student of Schoenburg and made adaptations to the 12 tone technique
darius Milhaud
Favored popular idioms and traditional forms
Benny Goodman
Clarinet player, and he employed the first integrated big band
Pierre Boulez
A French composer and conductor of contemporary and classical music
Erik Satie
Favored simplicity and avoided variation
Lilian Hardin
Louis Armstrong’s second wife
John Cage
Chance music, electronic music, nonstandard use of musical instruments
Arnold Schoenberg
Abandoned tonality
Scott Joplin
An American pianist and composer that played at the Maple Leaf Club
john Corigliano
American composer and mastered the genre of the symphony
Richard Strauss
Composed Salome