Basso Continuo
Italian for continuous bass, also refers to performance group with a bass, chordal instrument(harpsichord, organ),and one bass melody instrument(cello, bassoon)
virtuosic solo passage in the manner of improvisation, performed near the end of the aria or a movement of the concerto
vocal genre for solo singers, chorus,and instrumentalists based on a lyric or dramatic poetic narrative.. generally consists of several movements including recitatives,arias, and ensemble numbers
Baroque congregational hymn of German Lutheran Church
Chorale Prelude
Short Baroque organ piece in which a traditional choral melody is embellished
The last part of the piece, usually added to a standard form to bring it to a close
solo group of instruments in the Baroque concerto grosso
Cyclic symphony (cyclic form)
structure in which musical material, such as theme, presented in one movement returns in a later movement
De capo aria
Lyric song in ternary, or A-B-A form, commonly found in operas, cantatas, and oratorios
Figured Bass
Baroque practice consisting of an independent bass line that often includes numerals indicating the harmony to be supplied by the performer
Vocal style established in the Baroque, with a solo singer and instrumental accompaniment
Motivic Development
short melodic or rhythmic idea: the smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic melodic-harmonic-rhythmic unit
Nuove Musiche
new music
large-scale dramatic genre originating in the Baroque, based on a text of religious or serious character, performed by solo voices, chorus, and orchestra; similar to opera but without scenery, costumes, or action.
third section of sonata-allegro form in which the thematic material of the exposition is restated, generally in the tonic
solo vocal declamation that follows the inflections of the text, often resulting in a disjunct vocal style; found in opera, cantata, and oratorio
musical form in which the first section recurs, usually in the tonic. IN the classical multimovement cycle, it appears as the last movement in various forms including ABABA ABACA ABACABA
Sonata de camera
Baroque chamber sonata, usually a suite of stylized dances Also chamber sonata
Sonata de camera
Baroque chamber sonata, usually a suite of stylized dances Also chamber sonata
Sontata Allegro form
the opening movement of the multimovement cycle, consisting of themes that are stated in the first section exposition, developed in the second section development, and restated in the third section recapitulation also sonata form or first movement form
Sonata de chiesa
Baroque instrumental work intended for performance in church in four movements, frequently arranged slow-fast-slow-fast also church sonata
classical instrumental genre that combines elements of chamber music and symphony, often performed in the evening or at social functions.