Impressionism

Leader- Debussy

 

started in the visual arts

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characteristics- static, nonclimatic

Maurice Ravel

impressionistic

 

had more emphatic rhythms and scale use than debussy

parallel chords
a succession of chords all with the same interval structure
scale
a collection of pitches arranged highest to lowest or vice versa
gamelan

musical ensemble.

 

more specifically an indonesian or malayan ensemble with gongs, gongchimes, metallophones, and drums

Expressionism

German movement in early 20th century.

 

Schoenberg

 

Believed that art should reflect the inner consiousness of its creator.

 

DISSONANCE

atonality
absence of a key
song cycle

a group of songs usually for solo voice and piano.  makes a literary and musical unit

 

*lied (in germany)

 

(poems are usually by the same poet)

Twentieht century and beyond periods

Pre WWI

Between the wars

Post WWII

Symbolism
Literary equivalent of impressionism, suggests rather than states
Impressionism in music
Claude Debussy
Primitivism

A look outside of western European culture for a more genuine art form

 

Serge Diaghileue

Serge Diaghileue

originally from Russia, lived in France, supported the Ballet Russe

 

Brought together Igor Stravinsky and Vaslav Nijinsky who created 3 Ballets together including the Rite of Spring

Expressionism leader

Arnold Schoenberg

 

pierrot lunaire

sprechstimme
spoken voice
between wws
neoclassicism (as determined by country) new classicism, creating something understandable for people.
film music
diegesis and mimesis
diegesis
the telling of the story by the narrator
-to report
-to narrate
-to indicate
-to look back
mimesis
shows rather than tells by means of action that is enacted
-represent
-embody
-transform
-to know only a continuos present
sound in films
diagetic and nondiagetic
diagetic
it is part of the narrative of the flim
nondiagetic
music plays in the background but cannot be heard by the film’s characters
sergei prokofiev
peter and the wolf
Alexander Nevsky
USA
Aaron Copland
-trilogy of ballets
billy the kid
-rodeo
*appalachian spring
Post WWII
era of the ism
serialism
everything is predetermined
aleatoricism
chance music/ everything is on the spot
minimalism
short snippet:repeat
internationalism
more world music
eclecticism
anything made to something else
list all isms given
serialism
aleatoricism
minimalism
internationalism
eclecticism
experimentalism
neoromanticism
neoclassical
Stravinsky
characteristics are objectivity and expressive restraint.
prepared piano
a piano whose sound has been altered by inserting materials.. John Cage