The phrase Middle Ages refers to the Period of Europen history spanning?
450 – 1450
The “dark ages” in Europe
Began about 450 with the disintegration of the Roman Empire
In the Middle Ages, jmost important musicians were
Avirtual monopoly on learning during the Middle Ages was held by
monks in monasteries
During the Middle Ages, women
were not permitted to sing in church
church officials expected monks to sing with
proper pronciation and tone quality.
Bernard of Clairvaux ordered his monks to sing
vigorously with manliness.
The church frowned on instruments because of thier
earlier role in pagan rites.
The use of organs in church
distracted the listeners from worship.
What we know about instruments in church comes from
the pictures and literary descriptions of the day.
Most medieval music was
At first, the organ was
a primitive instrument whose keys were operated by heavy blows of the fist.
In the middle ages the organ
gradually evolved into a flexible instrument that could play intricate polyphonic music.
We know from paintings and literary descriptions of the middle ages that
instruments were used