Study of that about art which is the essence of art and that about people which throughout history caused them to need art as an essential part of their lives. Explaination of intrinsic nature (changes with time) rational for music teaching should be based around. The essence of art that aspect of people that have caused us to value the arts
Aesthetic Education
Education: 1) must be approached in a selective fashion 2) broad view 3) pertinant to art of music 4) rich implications for music education 5) must be realivent to modern society
needed at both collective and individual levels. should reconignize music as an unique art form.
make strong case to community about the benefits of music education
meaning and value of a work of art exist outside the work itself. Go to ideas, emotions, attitudes, events in which the work refers you to. Sound should remind you of something extramusical. peter and the wolf value
Absolute Formalism
The meaning of an art work is like no other meaning in all of a human experience. Has nothing to do with outside influence.
Absolute Expressionism
Meaning is internal and in the art, but artistic/ cultural influences may be strongly involved in the experience the work gives. connects experience of art with feeling. Historical context of the piece. Socialogically, politically, culturally.
to find meaning in a work of art, you must go to the work itself and attend to its internal qualities
Analyzing Music Teaching
What should be taught in music class? Dificulty due to amount to do and not enough time to do it. Class shoudl be spent on essentials of music. things not related to music teaching (Attendance and announcements) How do you learn how to teach? Method courses gives you ideas. You really learn by teaching. To whom is music being taught? Important to know audience. Give musc that stretches students. teachers set up students to be successful. What are the results? did students learn? Learning is marked by change in behavior. Planning for music instruction involves developing a plan for action
Lesson Planning
Why? Maximize time. Helps teachers to know what they are trying to accomplish, how, assessment of results what to teach, how to teach it, and effectiveness of teaching. a lot planed at elementary level. score is not lesson plan
Long Range Planning
whol view of semester. What you want to cover in ones semester
Unit Planning
focus on group of concepts around a unit (concept)
Day to day planning
plan for individual classes that may or may not be related to eachother
Guidelines for development
1: pre-assessment. 2: goals are conceptual objectives. Form central purpose of lesson. 3: behavioral objectives. State objectives in very precise concise terms. 4: Select appropriate materials. materials should enhanse the lesson. 5: Decide on what strategy to use (experience it). 6: Assessment: evaluate lesson. 1: make intelligent decisions regarding future teaching strategies. 2: require some type of evidence of learning. 3: to help find better more valid ways of grading students.
National Endowment of the Humanities (N.E.H.)
Largest grant provider. U.S. News project. Sponsors website for teacher lesson plans. Music small part. 1993 October National Humanities month. broader topic. Funds research
National Endowment of the Arts (N.E.A.) Public agency dedicated to supporting excellence in the arts. Largest funder of the arts. Fund the Sundance film festival. A.F.I. Awards funder. distributes grants. Led arts learning initiatives. Jazz masters program. Promote awareness of new music
Marie Nontessori
1870-1952. Scientifically studied children and concluded they learn through environment. School for impoversihed children in Rome: Cas dei Bambini. Children not blank slates, born with potential waiting to be unleashed. Prepared environment designed to encourage development of full potential. Children free to move and work on a skill as long as they are interested; can work individually or in groups. Teacher called directresses because of their less controlling role. Didactic devices used to develop skills (like lacing and buttoning frames). Mixed ages. Integrated subjects. Process-based assessment. Set groundwork for current movement to provide enrichment for children early in developmental stages.
Service Learning
volunteering in community. What you are involved with teaches what can be taught in a classroom setting
Multi-age Instruction
no grade level. people divided into groups. students of different ages are grouped together for the benefit of the children allow them to progress at own individual rate.
American String Teachers Association (ASTA)
Multicultural Education
globalized society. Problem: change to new environment of multiculture. Movement to improve text books. Consider taking a more etho-music way of teaching music.
Bilingual Education
Ideas from our current programs come from other countries. 1968 bilingual education act. What is it? Instruction in English in native language to develop English learning capablility. Approach 2 ways. 1: class split 50/50. Increase speaking amongst everybody. 3rd Developmental: Native tongue extended period of time. Literate in both languages.
Portfolio Assessment
Purposeful collection of students work shows achievement and progress of student. 3 types: 1: documentation: working portfolio. Draft through finished project. 2: process: shows the learning process. 3: showcase: focused on end result, the best work.
gender Bias and Sexual Harassment in Education
girls are quite and calmer in middle school and bellow. a lot of test omit women contributions. gender Equity: elimination of gender role or stereo typing. Teachers need to recognize “problem”. Sexual harassment: verbal or physical harassment based on sex.
Collective Bargaining
Unions negotiating employment. work to improve salary as a whole. 38 states that allowed it. worked for Tenure. 3 year probationary period. Unions work hard to get rid of this. Adversarial: when union or group builds up over time. one party v. another party. Collaborative: joint group. mediator.
National Association of Teachers of Singing (NATS)
School choice
Programs to improve student learning by allowing them to choose a focus interest. Against: segregation, lose partent support, decrease support for public schools (funding for public school is based on enrollment. For: student motivation, and focused learning.
American Federation of Teachers
2nd largest Teacher Union. 1920’s school boards not highering teachers in union. support tenure. Fought hard to desegregate schools. 1974 Albert Shanker: School employees can join Union