Florentine Camerata

“Birth if Opera”

Hire a custom writer who has experience.
It's time for you to submit amazing papers!

order now

Group of dudes, Giovanni Bardi, Vincento Galini, Gulio Caccini decided to recreate/emulate ancient greek rhetoric and performance.


Small scenes and stories presented musically on stage









Any 17th century work consisting of a solo voice supported by a basso continuo

Basso Continuo
Continuous, repeated bass pattern.



Opera (Beginnings)


Performed for the court, usually had the subject of a greek tradgity or legend



Opera Seria



“serious opera”

Cultivated in 1680, particularly in Italy. 

Featured strict divisions between the recitative and aria, ephasis on virtuoso singing, and often used castrati. Librettos drawn from ancient history



Concertato madrigal



Madrigal that used instruments that were independent of the vocal parts. 

Claudio Monteverdi



Was a baller.  Wrote Orfeo (1607), the first legit opera


Had careers in Mantua and Venice, introduced the Genre Concitato



Giovanni Artusi




Composer and theorist who criticized monteverdi for his use of dissonance.



Cruda Amarilli


Five voiced work written by Monteverdi, which was later torn apart with criticizms by Artusi, who objected to the dissonance and the uses of cadences in the twelfth mode.  



Genere Concitato



“agitated” or “warlike” manner developed by monteverdi. Characterized by the use of rapid notes.






“brief return” Returns several times over the course of the work, usually after a particularly contrasting section of material



Heinrich Schutz



German, 1585-1672

Wrote a lot of sacred music. Studied in italy, embraced the 2nd practica ideas w/o abandoning the first. Worked in dresden






Theatrical genre of the 17th century ENGLAND. Featured a mix of poetry, songs, scenery, dance, and instrumental music.








A work whose individual units are written by several different composers.



Lully, Jean-baptist





Italian born, French composter (1632-1687)


Singer, Dancer, Violinist. Worked for Louis XIV. Struck his foot with a conducting cane.



Philippe Quinault



Poet 1635-1688


Created the Tragede en musique/ lyrique



Da Capo aria




ABA form aria with an embellishment in the return of a. 



Tradedie Lyrique (en musique)






No opera in france until 1673. Created due to foreign influences in the 17th century. Supported and financed by the french court. 


Subject matter consisted of myths and stories that were understood to flatter the king.



George Frideric Handel






Composed operas, orotorios, etc.


Worked in germany, but had most success in england. 



Henry Purcell




BRITISH! Wrote one opera, Dido and Aenaes.







Popular in england in the second half of the 17th century. Essentially plays with musical numbers.








“to be sung” a work for vocal soloist and a performance force of varying size.



Accompanied Recitative




Recitative accompanied by an orchestra



Simple Recitative




minimal accompanient, used to get through a lot of text. yo.







Subject and a counter-subject. 

1. Tune

2. other tune

then they combine.

Exposition/eipsode/?? subject enters/ stretto/ then end!



Dance Suite




Suite/set of dance numbers




Trio Sonata




Basso Continuo, and 2 upper voices


Sonata Da camara, Sonata da chresa.




Sonata de Camera



“sonata of the chamber”

features dance suites




Sonata da Chiesa



“sonata of the church” features a slow movement and at least one additional imitative movement.








Group of soloists within the concerto grosso







Large ensemble within the concerto grosso







work for keyboard that is freely  constructed.




J.S. Bach





Local musician, lived and worked in germany. Awesome organist. Married twice, had over 20 kids.

Born in Eisenach.

1703-1717 worked as an organst in Arnstadt.

Cothen 1717-23

Prince Leopold, wrote brandenberg concertos

Barbra dies, marrys magdalena in 1721.


Spent the rest of his life in Liepzig as a cantor. Attempted to get better work, but to no avail.




Goldberg Variations



30 variations for harpsichord in 1741.




Mass in B moll



Written in 1749, perse (kyrie and gloria written in 33 for dresden)




Glenn Gould



Ballin classical pianist. Performed the goldberg variations like a boss.




Domenico Scarlatti




harpisochord virtuoso, has classical influence in his music.







Baroque composer and virtuoso violinist. 1678-1741.




Coronation Anthem





Composed by Handel, from texts from the King James bible. Played at the coronation of a british monach.


Zodack the Priest.







mix of spoken drama and dance



Ballad Opera



opera popular in england that featured a mixture of contemperary songs mixed with dialogue. 



The London Bach



Johann Christian , “the London Bach” (1735–82)



Polychordal motet



motet with many chords?





secular song. Voice and lute, usually




Pieces de Clavecin




Pieces de Clavecin, Opus I (1751)




Choral prelude



composition for organ using a choral tune as its basis