Basso Continuo or “continuous bass” or “thorough bass”
system of notation and performance practice, used in the Baroque period, in which an instrumental bass line is written out and one or more players of keyboard, lute, or similar instruments fill in the harmony with appropriate chords or improvised melodic lines; or the bass line itself.

A bassline in which each note stands for a chord above, notes above filled in by realization. went with the improvisatory style of the time.

Baroque Monody
a melodic line along with the basso continuo
Recitative
Doctrine of the Affections (Affektenlehre)
Prima Practica (first practice)
Seconda Practica (second practice)
Figured Bass
Realization
Concerto Medium
Concerto
Temperament
Idiomatic Style
Tonality
Modality
La Nuove Musiche
Camerata
Opera
collection of works – 1. (overture, prelude, sinfonia, or fantasy), 2. Recitative, 3. Aria, 4. Recitative, 5. Duet for ex.

originally based on Greek Dramas

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Peri – 1600
Giulio Caccini – 1602
Claudio Monteverdi,1567-1643
Baroque Art
Baroque Literature
Baroque Architecture
Affections
emotions; Baroque composers sought musical means to express emotions such as sadness, joy, anger, love, fear, excitement, or wonder.
Theorbo
a large lute with extra bass strings
Ornaments
Baroque musicians saw ornaments as a way for moving the affections, trills, turns, appogiaturas, mordents, scales, arpeggios… longer ones used for slower stuff, sometimes called division, diminution, or figuration.
Tonality in the 17th Century
music starts to sound tonal by the end of the century, though still influenced by the church modes
Stile Concitato
agitated style