In general, the smaller the vibrating element, the what its pitch?
In music a sound that has a definite pitch
The distance in pitch between any two tones
Where do the vibrations of brass instruments come from?
Vibration of the lips
What are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch
How many keys does a piano have, spanning more than 7 octaves
A regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time
The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time
What is the effect that happens when an accent occurs on an unexpected beat?
The rate of speed of the beat of the music
Describe a music staff
The five lines on a sheet of music holding the clef sign, time signature, notes, and measures
Placed at the beginning of a staff to show the exact pitch of each line and space
What letters does western music use to indicate pitch?
The first 7.
What is silence indicated by in musical notation?
By adding a dot to the right of a note we?
Add half the value of the note it follows
In a musical time signature, the upper number tells?
How many beats are in a measure
Define melody
One sound played by itself
A resting place at the end of musical phrase
Define the term theme
A generalized idea the piece is centralized around
The musical element that refers to the way chords are constructed
A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time
The simplest, most basic chord used in Western music
A central tone, scale and chord
In traditional Western music, what is the smallest interval between successive tones of a scale?
Half step
Sharp of flat signs immediately following the clef sign at the beginning of the staff
Key signature
Define the term texture
The layers of sound
Define the term form
How a piece of music is put together
A collection of ascending or descending successive pitches
An ending point or pause in music that is similar to a period or comma in writing
The tone color of an instrument or voice
The three primary textures in music
Monophonic, homophonic, and polyphonic
Define the three textures
Monophonic: One sound played without chordal accompaniment
Polyphonic: Two or more sounds played together
Homophonic: One sound played with chordal accompaniment