teen market
American Bandstand
is the practice of viewing the world from a European perspective and with an implied belief, either consciously or subconsciously, in the preeminence of European culture.
Bay Psalm Book
was the first book, that is still in existence, printed in British North America.
William Billings
was an American choral composer, and is widely regarded as the father of American choral music.
pleasure gardens
is usually a garden that is opened to the public for recreation.
broadside ballad
is a single sheet of cheap paper printed on one side, often with a ballad, rhyme, news and sometimes with woodcut illustrations.
is the simplest and most durable of musical forms, elaborating a piece of music by repetition of a single formal section.
Thomas Dartmouth “Daddy” Rice
was a white performer and playwright who used African Americanvernacular speech, song, and dance to become one of the most popular minstrel show entertainers of his time.
Jim Crow
were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities
dance was developed from a “Prize Walk” done in the days of slavery, generally at get-togethers on plantations in theSouthern United States.
Zip Coon
is a well-known American folk song dating from the early 19th century. The song’s tune was first popularized in the late 1820s and early 1830s by blackface performers
the master of ceremonies of a minstrel show
Stephen Foster
known as the “father of American music”, was the pre-eminent songwriter in theUnited States of the 19th century. Wrote Jeanie wWith the Long Black Hair
Tin Pan Alley
s the name given to the collection of New York City-centered music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
was a theatrical genre of variety entertainment in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s until the early 1930s.
song plugger
was a piano player employed by music stores in the early 20th century to promote and help sell new sheet music… which is how hits were sold before quality recordings were widely available.
Charles K. Harris
was a well regarded American songwriter of popular music. was a well regarded American songwriter of popular music.
the process whereby a minority group gradually adapts to the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture and customs.
Irving Berlin
was an American composer and lyricist, widely considered one of the greatest Americansongwriters in history. His first hit song, “Alexander’s Ragtime Band”, became world famous.
Al Jolson
was an American singer, comedian and actor. In his heyday, he was dubbed “The World’s Greatest Entertainer”.[1] He was born in Russia (now Lithuania) and emigrated to America at the age of five with his Jewish parents.
The Jazz Singer, 1927
is a 1927 American musical film. The first feature-length motion picture with synchronized dialogue sequences
main characteristic trait is its syncopated, or “ragged,” rhythm.
James Reese Europe
was an American ragtime and early jazz bandleader, arranger, andcomposer. He was the leading figure on the African American music scene of New York City in the 1910s.
Clef Club
was a popular entertainment venue and society for African American musicians in Harlem, achieving its largest success in the 1910s.
Congo Square
is an open space within Louis Armstrong Park, which is located in the Treme neighborhood ofNew Orleans, Louisiana,
Original Dixieland Jazz Band (ODJB)
was a New Orleans, Dixieland Jazz band that made the first jazz recordings early in 1917. Their “Livery Stable Blues” became the first jazz single issued.
Vernon and Irene Castle
were a husband-and-wife team of ballroom dancers of the early 20th century.
National Peace Jubilee
was a celebration, organized by Patrick Gilmore in Boston on June 15, 1869. It featured an orchestra and a chorus, as well as numerous soloists. In total, more than 11,000 performers participated
John Phillip Sousa
March King. was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era, known particularly for American military and patriotic marches.
American Society of Composers and Publishers
patting juba
is a style of dance that involves stomping as well as slapping and patting the arms, legs, chest, and cheeks.
ring shout
is an ecstatic, transcendent religious ritual, first practiced by African slaves in the West Indies and the United States
lining out
(call and response) is a form of a cappella hymn-singing or hymnody in which a leader, often called the clerk or precentor, gives each line of a hymn tune as it is to be sung, usually in a chanted form giving or suggesting the tune.
s most often used to denote a wandering musician, usually but not always African American
blue notes
In jazz and blues, a blue note (also “worried” note[1]) is a note sung or played at a slightly lower pitch than that of the major scale for expressive purposes.
is a glide from one pitch to another.
Blind Lemon Jefferson
was a blues singer and guitarist from Texas. He was one of the most popular blues singers of the 1920s, and has been titled “Father of the Texas Blues”.
Robert Johnson
was an American blues singer and musician. His landmark recordings from 1936–1937 display a combination of singing, guitar skills, and songwriting talent that have influenced later generations of musicians.
Theater Owners Booking Association
was the vaudeville circuit for African American performers in the 1920s and 1930s.
W.C. Handy
was a blues composer and musician.[1] He was widely known as the “Father of the Blues”.
was an iconic American folk and blues musician, notable for his strong vocals, his virtuosity on the twelve-string guitar, and the songbook of folk standards he introduced.
medicine show
were traveling horse and wagon teams which peddled “miracle cure” medications and other products between various entertainment acts.
Hawaiian guitar
is a general term often used to describe any guitar played on the lap with a slide or steel.
The Dobro was the third resonator guitar design by John Dopyera, the inventor of the resonator guitar, but the second to enter production.
Ralph Peer
was a talent scout, recording engineer and record producer in the field of music in the 1920s and 1930s. Peer pioneered remote recording of music
Grand Ole Opry
is a weekly country music stage concert in Nashville, Tennessee that has presented the biggest stars of the genre since 1925.
Bristol Sessions
are considered the “Big Bang” of modern country music. They were held in 1927 in Bristol, Tennessee by Victor Talking Machine Company company producerRalph Peer. They marked the commercial debuts of Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family.
Carter Family
was a traditional American folk music group that recorded between 1927 and 1956. Their music had a profound impact onbluegrass, country, southern gospel, pop and rock musicians
Leslie Riddle
was an African-American musician whose influence on the Carter Family helped to shape country music.
Jimmie Rodgers
was a blues singer, guitarist and harmonica player, best known for his work as a member of Muddy Waters’ band of the 1950s.
wax cylinders
were the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound.
Fletcher Henderson
was an American pianist, bandleader, arranger andcomposer, important in the development of big band jazz and swing music.
Paul Whiteman
Leader of the most popular dance bands in the United States during the 1920s, Whiteman’s recordings were immensely successful, and press notices often referred to him as the “King of Jazz.”
lindy hop
a dance based on the popular Charleston and named for Charles Lindbergh’s Atlantic crossing in 1927
can be used as a noun to refer to a swing dancer or various types of swing dances, for example, the Lindy Hop,[1] Jive, and East Coast Swing.
Cotton Club
a famous night club in Harlem, New York City that operated during Prohibition that included jazz music.
Duke Ellington
was a composer, pianist, and big band leader. Ellington wrote over 1,000 compositions.
jungle music
A racial slur, used primarily in the 1950s and 1960s to describe African-American influenced music as “noise” and “primitive”
Benny Goodman
was an American jazz and swing musician, clarinetist andbandleader; widely known as the “King of Swing”.
John Hammond
is a blues singer and guitarist. He is the son of record producer John [H.] Hammond [, Jr.] and is sometimes referred to as “John Hammond, Jr.”
American Bandstand
was an American musical variety show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989, hosted from 1957 until its final season by Dick Clark
Louis Jordan
was a pioneering American jazz, blues and rhythm & blues musician, songwriter andbandleader who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. Known as “The King of the Jukebox”
Alan Freed
also known as Moondog, was an American disc-jockey.[1] He became internationally known for promoting African-American rhythm and blues music on the radio
Bill Haley
was one of the first American rock and roll musicians.
Blackboard Jungle
is a 1955 social commentary film about teachers in an inner-city school. It is based on the novel of the same name byEvan Hunter.
Little Richard
known by the stage name Little Richard, is an American singer, songwriter, musician, recording artist, and actor, considered key in the transition from rhythm and blues to rock and roll in the 1950s.
Chuck Berry
is a guitarist, singer, and songwriter, and considered one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. With songs such as “Maybellene”
was one of the most popular American singers of the 20th century. A cultural icon, he is widely known by the single name Elvis. He is often referred to as the “King of Rock and Roll”
Big Mama Thornton
was an American rhythm and blues singer and songwriter. She was the first to record the hit song “Hound Dog” in 1952.
Duke/Peacock Records
as a record label started in 1949 by Don D. Robey in Houston, Texas. “Hound Dog” by Big Mama Thornton was a bit hit for Peacock in 1953.
Pat Boone
is an American singer, actor and writer who was a successful pop singer in the United States during the 1950s and early 1960s. He covered black artists’ songs (when part of the country was segregated) and sold more copies than his black counterparts.
Payola Hearings
the illegal practice of payment or other inducement by record companies for the broadcast of recordings on music radio,
is the transformation of goods and services (or things that may not normally be regarded as goods or services)[1] into a commodity.
Theodor Adorno
was a German-born international sociologist, philosopher, and musicologist. FIRST TO STUDY POP MUSIC.