The scholarly study of music.
Performance Practice
The way in which music is performed, especially concerning ‘authentic’ performance.
Indication of truth and sincerity within music: Linked with ‘historically informed’ or period performance, which has the intention to replicate music as it would have been at the time of writing, using factors such as instruments of the time, playing techniques and documentary evidence (treatises, descriptive accounts, original manuscripts etc.)
A term that is nearly impossible to define – arguably it is the rejection of modernism. ???
Collection of concise musical definitions (Grove is the leader in the musicological field)
An in-depth collection or scholarly peer-reviewed articles, defining different aspects of particular subjects, and providing referenced to further reading within those fields. Grove is the Music Database.
This is found at the end of any academic writing and includes a list of further reading and references from within the text that the reader can use to follow up their reading.
A list that makes reference and details information on a collection, be that of writings, instruments and so on.
A collection of historical documents and artefacts, providing information on a place, person, group of people or institution. Music archives are generally found within Universities and colleges and are generally catalogued.
Field studies
Research carried out within the actual field, using primary sources.
Scholarly Article
An article that has been peer-revied to ensure academic reliability. (will always containing further reading and references through a bibliography.
Documentary Source
Sources that can provide information about individuals or communities in the past (historical source) – i.e. newspapers, letters, legal docs etc.
Primary Source
First-hand accounts and original sources such as diaries, letters, autobiographies, interviews etc
Secondary Source
Materials and information that is not original, that summarise, review and report on original data.
Musical Source
Any primary or secondary source that provides information on a person, instrument, group or anything relating to music.
Musical Score
Hand-written or printed form of music
Usually refers to the original hand-writted version of a musical score.
Music Edition
A stage in the production of a musical score. Usually scores are submitted in editions, reviewed each time and changed before publishing. Each review is called an edition, with the original edition being the first manuscript. This is particularly important when trying to perform ‘authentic’ music.
The process of translating one musical form in to another, i.e. a live performance in to a score, or a jazz piece arranged for another ensemble.
Recorded Source
A CD, record, tape etc that music is delivered through (not in a live setting)
Live Performance
Music that is performed naturally and not through use of recordings.
Recorded Live Performance
These are recordings of performances, usually within their original settings. However, many modern live recording are still altered in the studio in one way or another.
Studio Performance
A live recording that has been artificially recreating within a studio – this is used a lot in recording of classical music as it is argued that one can produce a better recording within the constraints of a studio rather that a live concert setting.
Journalistic Source
A source that has not necessarily been peer reviewed and that describes a performance, person or event – generally opinion based.
The practice of analysing, classifying, interpreting and evaluating musical works.
The study or musical instruments.
The study or images.
The study of people: ethnomusicology, with particular emphasis on participant observation.
Cultural Context
When studying music, these are the considerations of factors outside of the musical work itself – social, moral etc.
Participant observation
This is used as a primary technique in ethnography and involves the researcher living within a culture, whilst keeping record of observations and interviews.
Insider / Outsider Distinction
This distinction is used within ethnography and is heavily argued in musicology. The insider researches from the inside using techniques such as participant observation but this can be open to issues such as bias etc. Outsiders study from the outsider but may not get a proper in depth knowledge of their subject.