Romatic Period
Charateristics: individual style,tone color new instruments, and subject matter has actual titles. nationalism: music was created with a specific idenity. exoticism: drawed colorful material from forigen lands. colorful harmony: chromatic haromony chords not found in pervaling key needed conductors
went deaf then composed. most known for symphony, piano sonata and string quartet. he had no real formal training. started composing at 12-13. He started losing his hearing at 30. 32 -42 wrote symphonies, and 45 – 50 composed last 3 sonatas and string quartets.
Beethovens Periods
Early period: imitation of others
Middel period: herioic
Late Period: Medatative Abstract
Symphony No. 5
it’s in sonata form. written in heroic period. the harmonic lingo became more forceful and had daring and bold chords. it sounds like conflict and struggle uses a regular symphony orchestra.
bolder modulation
changes in realted keys
themes for no.5
melody that is used as the basis for a extened work (short-short-long)
a fragment of a theme
lived in vienna only lived to 31. did the bohemian lifestyle most known for lieder and symphonies. he never herd them though. he mainly performed for friends, family and nobility.
By shubert. his 1st published work, written at 17. set to a german poem by Goethe. a horse ride boy see elf king and in the end the boy is actually dead because elf king takes him
a german solo for a solo voice with piano accompianment.
tone poem
wordless poem set to music 1st movement a symphonic piece
concert overture
concert overture a symphonic piece often inspired by a lierary or dramatic idea but unattached to any other work
program symphony
multi-movement symphony with a program each movement has a discriptive title
a russian composer. influenced by ballet, italian opera, and german romaticism. he worte mostly orchestral music.
Romeo and Juliet overture
an overture of fantasy in sonata form. has a A theme and B theme but B theme is played on its own. tension–really soft to release–loud main melody. has a constant changing harmony. the sustain bass repeats note
french composer, known for making technique of orchestration an art itself. author of treaties on instrumentation and orchestration
how you arrange the orchestra
Symphony Fantastique
a multimovement work 4th movement march to the scaffold. has 2 contrasting themes, 1)somber and fierce, and 2) march. can hear the fall of the guillotine blade bouncing head
german composer. pianist and composed. only wrote 4 symphonies. successor to Beethoven
symphony no. 3 3rd movement
in ABA form the B starts at 1:47 and A returns at 3:33
big hands and long fingers a violin virtuoso. composed for solo and concertos
an instrumental piece in free form usually lively in tempo and brilliant in style
Caprice no.1
done by Paganini, shows off and does a lot of arpeggios and in free form
from Poland he was mainly a piano composer, he played his own music too. he moved to paris because of the war.
a short piece designed to train a musician technically as well as musically
Polanaise and Mazurka
Polish dance in 3 meter
short composition of romantic or dreamy charater of suggestive of night
Etude no.12 in c minor “revolutionary”
composed and performed by Chopin. had intimate concerts promoted the sale of his music was very virtuosic and took piano music to new levels
from germany and piainst and composer. most known for lieder and piano music. in 1840 wrote 100 love songs used poetry
song cycle
a group of songs that share a common theme or central idea
dichterliebe (a poets love): in the lovely month of may
this song was apart of a song cycle and it was apart of the 16 song cycle, hint there is a singer and piano!!!!
grand opera
usually based on a dramatic historical event emphasized visual gradeur and spectacle ie: battles, storms, murders. very popular with middle class
most influential 19 century composer of opera composed for the masses big time famous: La Traviata and Aida the 1st to wirte in libretto
Aida Celeste Aida
by Verdi. set in egypt. Aida was ethopian pricess. Rademes the military guy professes screte love for Aida and the fact that he wants to be genral.
master of romantic opera. pointed way out of romanticism ambiguous tonality hard to hear what key it is in, has extreme chromaticism, usual harmonies, called them musical dramas,should bring all art forms,
a motif that represents a speific person, idea, or emotions
Tristan and Isolde “Liebestoed”
by wagner. changed course of music history. inaugurated the disintegration of romantic harmony. love death scene. isolde embraces body of dead lover and contemplates joyful reunion in underworld.
b.1862 and d.1918. very bohemian. won prix de rome in paris conservatory. composed songs, choral works, music for dance, works for orchestra, and chamber groups
prelude to the afternoon of a faun
was based on a poem by stephane mallarme. faun wakes to a haze of love not sure if he loved the nymphs or not. melody is chromatic no climax with violins. clarinet is slower softer. this work made his and established figure
the engulfed cathedral
supposed to be utterly calm. has no sense of chord progression. the mist is the main part of the music engulfs the music. kind of floaty