Symphony orchestra
largest instrumental group
Chamber orchestra
smaller than standard, full-sized ensemble
The 4 orchestral families are?
Woodwinds, strings, bass, percussion
The 4 main woodwind family members are? What are there reeds?
Flute (no reed), Clarinet (single reed), oboe (double reed), basson (double reed)
What are the 5 main string families?
Violin, viola, cello, string bass, harp
what are 3 techniques of sound production used by string players? and what are they?
double stops (more than one note at a time), harmonics (high pitched), pizzicato (plucking the strings), vibrato (wiggle the fingers)
What are the 4 main brass family members?
French horns, trumpets, trombones, tuba
What puts an instrument in the drum family?
sound is produced by striking the head (membrane)
Which instruments are in the drum family?
bass drum, snare drum, timpani
which instruments in the drum family produce definite pitches and which ones do not?
definite pitch – timpani, xylophone, marimba, chimes
indefinite pitch – bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, castanets, gongs, triangles, maracas, calves
Instruments that use their own basic material to produce their sound are?
cymbals, castanets, gongs, triangles, maracas, calves
sonata for solo instrument & orchestra
sonta for piano only or solo & piano
sonata for orchestra
sonata-allegro form
strophic form
one of the two types of return form (every other letter is a, ends in a) fur elise
develops something from the exposition
theme and variation
a, a1, a2, a3, Mozart twinkle twinkle
planned organization of a artists materials
what is form for a listener?
makes it easier to understand
what is the purpose of form?
suggests plausible paths
whats the purpose of repetition?
gives a feeling of comfort and security
whats the purpose of contrast?
gives feelings of novelty and excitement
how is contrast created?
melodies, rhythm, textures, moods
what are the two types of the return form?
rondo (fur elise) , ternary (toreadors)
what is additive form?
what is the primary for strophic form?
vocal music, deck the halls
what is the most commonly used kind of additive form and musical example?
binary, gavotte
what is the principle behind the additive form?
there is no repetition only contrast
what are the members of the sonata family?
symphony, string quartet, concerto, sonata
What are the parts of a sonata allegro form?
a – exposition
b – development
a – recapitulation
what are the expected tempo relationships between movements of a symphony?
allegro, andante, allegro, presto
what are possibles reasons there are not many known historical composers?
it was a mans world, publication difficulties, couldn’t get formal training
what are the names of histrorical women composers?
Hildegard of Bingen, Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel, schumann, boulanger