Grave
Slowest ?=40
Largo
Slow and broad ?=50-60
Adagio
Very Slow ?=60-70
Andante
Rather slow at a moderate walking pace ?=90-110
Moderato
Moderate speed ?=90-110
Allegretto
Fairly quick; slightly slower than allegro ?=110-120
Allegro
Lively, rather quick ?=120-140
Presto
Very quick ?=160
Vivace
Quick and Lively ?=132-140
Ritardando
gradually get slower
Rallantando
suddenly get slower
Poco a poco
Little by little
A Tempo
Original Tempo
Sim.
Play it the same way
Allargando
Getting slower and slower
Accelerando
Gradually get faster
Maestoso
Majestic
A Capella
to sing without accompaniment
Coda
Closing or ending section of a piece of music
D.C. (Da Capo)
Go bask to the beginning of the piece of music or “the head
Key Signature
Sharps and flats at the beginning of the piece that dictates what key it’s in
Time Signature
Tells how many beats in each measure and what note gets the beat
Tutti
Everyone together
D.S. (Da Segno)
Literally means “the sign”- go back to the symbol and play until you see the coda
Dolce
To play or sing something very sweetly
Espressivo
To play or sing something expressively
Molto
Very much
Cessura, Caesura) //
AKA Railroad tracks
Stop
Staff
5 lines and 4 spaces on which notes are placed to note specific pitches
Treble Clef (G Clef)
Clef in which higher pitched instruments play in
Bass Clef (F Clef)
Clef in which lower instruments play
System
referring to all staffs that are linked together
Subito
Suddenly
Crescendo
gradually get louder
Diminuendo
Gradually get softer
Accent
Hit or attack the note with great force
Staccato
Play the note short and detached
Tenuto
Play the nore for its full value
Marcato
Play the note detached but not as short as staccato
Legato
Play the notes smooth and connected
Tie
When two or more of the sane pitches are linked together
Fermata
Hold the note for more than its original value or until cutoff
Slur
Indicates that a phrase should be played legato
pianississmo-ppp
very, very quiet
pianissimo-pp
very quiet
piano-p
quiet
mezzopiano-mp
medium quiet
mezzoforte-mf
medium loud
forte-f
loud
fortissimo-ff
very loud
fortississimo-fff
very very loud
sforzando (sfz)
attack loudly and sharply
sforte-piano (sfp)
attack loudly then diminuendo to piano
sfz (sforzando)
attack loudly and sharply
sfp (sforte-piano)
attack loudly then suddenly dim.
recapitulation
melodic theme or idea represented later in the piece
modulation
key change
motif
short, memorable musical idea
major
1 3 5
Bb D F
Minor
3rd is lowered a 1/2 step
1 3 5
Bb Db F
Augmented
5th is raised a 1/2 step
1 3 5
Bb D F#
Diminished
3rd and 5th lowered a 1/2 step
1 3 5
Bb Db Fb