Afghanistan’s cultural areas are?
Central Asia, Middle East, South Asia
Afghanistan shares borders with:
Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, Pakistan
What ethnic group makes up 50% of Afghanistan’s population?
Pashtun, speaking Pashto
Used as blanket term for various Persion dialects, 30% Afghani population?
Three regions most Tajiks reside?
Herat – (West)
Turkestan – (North)
Badakshan – (Northeast
Where do most Pashto speakers live?
South East Region
Ethnic group that makes up 10% of Afghani population?
Turkic, along with Uzbeks and Turkmens, mainly in the North
Afghanistan’s Eastern Provinces were part of what Empire in the 16th-18th century?
The Moghul Empire
What are the four sources of Afghanistan’s Art Music?
1. elite, persianized Pashtuns
2. Persian Classical Poetry
3. North Indian Classical
4. Court music brought from Punjab
What decade did Afghani Art Music reach its zenith?
In what decade did Radio Afghanistan come into play?
What are three common Afghani music venues?
small city theaters, tea houses, spring fairs
1. 1978
2. 1979
3. 1979-1989
4. 1992
5. 1996-2001
6. 2001
1. People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan take control
2. Us fund Mujahadeen
3. Soviet Occupation
4. Communist Regime topples
5. Taliban, Al-Qaeda, Civil War
6. U.S. War following 9/11
Short-necked lute with sympathetic strings
Herati Dutar
Long necked lute, 3 string or 14 string with sympathetic strings
Khorasani Dutar
2 string, long necked lute
long necked lute, sympathetic strings
(Uzbek), 2 stringed frettless lute
two types of rubab?
Afghan and Pamiri
bowed lute
hand-pumped harmonium
double-reed shawm
long end-blown flute – Pashtun/Baluch
Long End-blown flute, Turkmen
Pashtun Instrumental Ensemble
Harmonium, vocals, rubab, sarinda, and dohul or tabla
epic depicting historical events, often wars
landai (4 points)
1. two line, non-rhyming couplet set to music, compare to Haiku
2. sung to stock melodies
3. several strung together
4. from woman’s perspective, but sung by men
What is the main group of influence for music in Herat?
Tajik Music
chaharbeti – what is it, and where is it from?
singing quatrains in free rhythm, connections to classical singing style in Iran
what is the most important instrument in Tajik Music?
Herati Dutar
Typical Uzbek ensemble in Afghanistan?
dambura, ghijak, finger cymbals, two singers
What cultural cohort in Afghanistan targets audience members for satire?
Hazara Music qualities
primarily vocal, sometimes dambura accompaniment