Art Song
Poem set to music by a composer. A composition for voice and piano.
Folk song
Unknown composer. Songs of a certain culture or people that are handed down by generation.
The Erlking (Erlkonig)
-poetry by Goethe, composer Schubert
-German mythology story used to explain death to children
-characters: Father, son, Erlking, Narrarator
-triplet in accompiament represents child’s heartbeat or horse hooves
Franz Schubert
1797-1828. German. Composed 600 Art songs before death @ 31. Trained as choir boy, violinist, pianist. As adult, trained to be teahcer, like father, only lasted for one year. Wrote 9 symphonies.
Art song forms
1) Strophic form: same music repeated, each time with different words
2)Through-composed form: when the music and words change throughout a song
word painting
when a word or phrase is vividly described in the music
Heidenroslein (Rose Upon The Heather)
-strophic form
Difficulties in preforming art song
1) portraying charcaters
2)words-memorized, diction(different languages
3)facial expression, body language
An Silvia (To Silvia)
-poetry by Shakespeare, translation by Bauernfeld, composer Schubert
-words from play: Two Gentlemen of Verona
Translation types
1)literal – precise translation of every word
2)syllabic – imprecise translation but with right number of syllables per line to allow it to be sung in a different language
Robert Schumann
1810-1856. pianist, studied with Friedrich Wieck. married Wieck’s daughter, Clara, against his wishes. ruined right hand, started composing. tried to kill himself in Rhine, died in asylum.
Johannes Brahms
apprenticed to Schumann. got with Clara after he died, but didnt marry.
Dedication (Widmung)
Schumann. through-composed. literal translation. word painting. poet Friedrich Ruckert.
Futile Serenade (Vergebliches Standchen)
Brahms. Futile: unsuccessful. literal translation. strophic.