Old Hundred
Ainsworth Psalter
Psalmody, 1610
I Am A Poor Pilgrim of Sorrow
Traditional Old Regular Baptist
Hymn (lined out), Traditional
William Billings
Hymn, 1770
Daniel Read
Fuging Tune, 1780
The Liberty Song
John Dickinson
Ballad, 1770
Thanksgiving Anthem
William Billings
Anthem, 1790
Ode on Science
Janaziah Sumner
Anthem, 1790
Jefferson and Liberty
Dance Tune, 1800
Lowell Mason
Hymn, 1830
Wondrous Love
Sacred Harp
Shape Note Hymn, 1860
Lay Down Body
Trad. Georgia Sea Islands
Hymn, Traditional
Home Sweet Home
Henry Rowley Bishop
Songs from Melodrama, 1820
Da Boatman Dance
Dan Emmett
Minstrel, 1840
My Old Kentucky Home
Stephen Foster
Minstrel, 1850
Get Off The Track!
Hutchinson Family Singers
Abolition song, 1840
Jeanie With the Light Brown Hair
Stephen Foster
Parlor song, 1850
The Banjo
Louis Moreau Gottschalk
Character piece, 1850
“Death Song of the Cherokee Indian”
Song created by Anne Hunter, inspired by Native culture and imagery 1780
Congregations of a church
Bay Psalm Book
The first full length music book printed in the English speaking colonies
Singing psalms as a congregation
Psalm tune
Song that provides ability for prayer and reaching out to God
Song intended for praise
Fuging Tune
Type of song that involves different groups of singers singing the same words at different times and in different tones
Song for celebration
One sound, a single melody, people singing in unison
Different melodies, same rhythm
Consisting of two or more melodic voices with accompaniment
Regular Singing
Singing with rules notated by the songbook singers would follow
The Old Way
Singers were free to sing and praise God with their own musical fashion
Lining Out
One person sings a line of a song and the congregation responds to it with another line or repeats the same line, continues as such
Broadside Ballad
Songs printed on “broadsides”, special sheets, commenting on current events and matched with a familiar tune
Taking the melody of an existing song and putting new words to it
African Methodist Episcopal Church
created by Rev. Richard Allen in 1820. African American denomination of Methodists, all who wanted independence from the white Methodists
Responsorial Singing
Singing in church with a call/response structure
Second Great Awakening
A series of religious revivals in the late 18th century
Camp Meeting
The gathering of people (blacks and whites, sometimes) to worship and sing together for days on end. Some priests would be there and lead, and would travel to other meetings and participate
Andrew Law
Invented the FASOLA system during the Singing School era in the 18th century
Singing Schools
Established to teach people to learn to read music and sing in shape notes, such as FASOLA
Praise and Edification
praise is for establishing a relationship with God (no rules), and edification is for personal, spiritual improvement.
18th century cultural revolution, in which reason was used as a source for answers instead of religion
Sacred Harp
Part of Shape Note singing, took place in the South. Used as a venue for people to get together, learn a short piece of music and sing together using these Shape Notes (fa, sol, la, mi)
Lowell Mason
Hymn writer. Emphasized European music being sung in American churches. Introduced music into American schools, was one of the first music educators
Boston Handel and Haydn Society
Boston rooted performance group that performs choral and period instruments, highly influenced by Lowell Mason
Dan Emmett
Minstrel performer. One of the creators of Blackface performance, popularized Jim Crow character
Edwin P. Christy
Minstrel performer. Founder of Blackface troupe Christy Minstrels
Minstrel Show
Entertainment acts including songs, dances, skits and variety acts performed by white people in blackface, acting like buffoons.
Jim Crow
Character created by Thomas D. Rice, parodying the character of a black person to be a buffoonish, tattered person
Zip Coon
A song using the tune of “Turkey in the Straw”. Popularized by George Washington Dixon
a minstrel tradition. Whites would perform in black makeup to simulate being black and act buffoonish.
The Hutchinson Family
Group of American singers who became very popular in the 1840s. Sang in 4 part harmony, sang about abolitionism, women’s rights, etc.
Phineas T. Barnum
Founder of Barnum and Bailey circus, show business millionaire, promoted celebrated hoaxes
The “Swedish Nightengale”
Song by Adolf Lindblad, 19th century. Written for Jenny Lind, stating his affection for her
Sheet music
Printed music, available for use of the public
Concert and Recital
performance by an ensemble or a solo artist to show off virtuosity and skill
A parlor instrument, used to entertain guests or the family, or used to teach music
Father Paul Le Jeune
Reports on the Indians of Quebec
William Billings
The Singing Master’s Assistant
Andrew Law
The Art of Singing
Lowell Mason (reading)
Method of Teaching, from the Pestalozzian Music Teacher
BF White and EJ King
Preface to the Sacred Harp
Two Reviews of Jenny Lind’s Second Washington Concert
Richard Storrs Wills?
Negro Minstrelsy
Thomas D. Rice
Text of Jim Crow
Hutchinson Family
Journal Entries
Anonymous (second)
Preface to the Boston Handel and Haydn Society Collection of Church Music
Frederick Douglass
Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass