Maple Leaf Rag
Scott Joplin
Ragtime, 1900
Rhapsody in Blue
George Gershwin
Modernist Experiment-Jazz, 1925
West End Blues
Louis Armstrong
Early Jazz, 1925
Duke Ellington
Big Band Swing, 1940
The Banshee
Henry Cowell
Modernist Experiment-Classical, 1925
Water Boy
Paul Robeson
Arranged Worksong, 1925
Bonaparte’s Retreat
W.M. Stepp
Appalachian Fiddle Tune, Trad.
Hoe-down from Rodeo
Aaron Copland
Ballet scene, 1945
Cross Road Blues
Robert Johnson
Delta Blues (Race Music), 1940
Hound Dog (#1)
Big Mama Thornton
Rhythm & Blues, 1950
Hound Dog (#2)
Rock Roll, 1955
Can The Circle Be Unbroken
A.P. Carter
Country (Hillbilly Music), 1935
Blue Moon of Kentucky (#1)
Bill Monroe
Bluegrass, 1945
Blue Moon of Kentucky (#2)
Elvis Presley
Rockabilly, 1955
Nottamun Town
Jean Ritchie
Anglo-American Ballad, Trad.
Masters of War
Bob Dylan
Urban Folk, 1960
Mr. Tambourine Man
The Byrds
Folk Rock, 1965
Good Vibrations
The Beach Boys
Rock, 1965
Edwin Starr
Soul, 1970
The Revolution Will Not Be Televised
Gil Scott-Heron
Spoken Word, 1970
Good Times
Disco, 1980
New Wave, 1980
Walk This Way (#1)
Hard Rock, 1975
Walk This Way (#2)
Run D.M.C.
Hip Hop, 1985
Fight The Power
Public Enemy
Conscious Hip Hop, 1990
Arranged Spirituals and Worksongs
Jubilee and Gospel Quartets
Tin Pan Alley
Where songwriters would go and play their songs over and over (plug them) so performers would hear them and perform them
African American tradition, played at parties and dance halls, “ragged time”, offbeats and syncopation
Religious themed, rejoicing songs. Often black ensembles, can be solo w/instrument or multi part.
The English and Scottish Popular Ballads
The Child Ballads; a book series containing Francis James Child’s commentary on 305 ballads and all known variants
Lomax and Seeger families
Lomax: song collector, his son Alan traveled around recording, discovered Leadbelly (Af. Am. prisoner)
Seger: Married to Ruth Crawford. Son Pete had banjo chops
“Grapes of Wrath” concert
Woodie Guthrie. Farm-Aid esque concert, political tool, supporting farmers
Harlem Renaissance
Explosion of American culture, part of the Great Migration around New York, mainly
Ralph Peer
Was looking for talent in the south, found Fiddlin’ John Carson. Also found Mamie Smith and the Blues Hounds
Race Records and Hillbilly Records
Delta Blues
Guy with guitar, blues form, 1930’s
Vaudeville Blues
1920’s, theatrical element, blues shouter with band
Urban Blues
Electric guitar, bass, drums, horns, etc. More modern type of blues
Great Migration
Cultural explosion with new modern music in America
Rhythm and Blues
Started as a term for Race music, similar to urban folk and rock
Grand Ole Opry
Schtick comedy, vaudevillian, medicine shows, dance music and singing
Signature fast style, mandolin or banjo primary instrument
Blends country and bluegrass
Paul Whiteman, wanted to break style of sweeping melodies and triad harmonies. Disjunct melodies, unpredictable
Experiment in Modern Music
Rite of Spring, Banshee. Using ensemble orchestra in different ways
High lonesome sound
O Death. Bluegrass music
Early Jazz
Bands performed at speakeasies, cornet/trumpet, clarinet, rhythm section, dance music.
Developed from a syncopated, uneven style. Less clarinet than early jazz, banjo replaced by guitar
1945, soloists really important, small combos with rhythm section, used for showing off their skills. Framed by head at the beginning and end (in and out)
Rock and Roll
White alternative to R. Demographic was young teens who were unhappy with their lives in the burbs.
Urban Folk/Folk Rock
Popular music. People would write a folk song and popular artists would popularize it
Phil Spector
1960s producer. Hitmaker, produced many big names. Said performers didnt matter, only the producer matters. WALL OF SOUND
Pocket Symphony
Good Vibrations. Studio work, only made in the studio
Mainly Af. Am. tradition, passionate singing and playing. Two major labels, Stax and Motown
Memphis record label. Picks a singer to spotlight, house band, live studio recording (Soulsville, USA). Blacker sound
Barry Gordy, Hitsville USA. One singer in foreground, backups in back, instruments not present at performances
Gil Scott-Heron
Spoken word hip hop artist and poet, “Whitey on the Moon”
Understanding. Working a preexisting thing into a new way. Bragadocious
Hip Hop
Taking a beat from an existing song and talking over it
Master of ceremonies. “Rapper”, would be the one talking over the beats
Would make the beats and spin the records
DJs would show off skill at turntables, laying down beats
Taking bits of prerecorded beats for songs, “Good Times”