achievement of personal fulfillment
Theory of knowledge
English concentration on the imperfect consonances and avoidance of dissonance
Northern France. Guillaume DuFay.
Ars Perfecta
Perfect art. Josquin des Prez
head motive. to begin all the movements of the mass w/ the same opening idea. (DuFay)
Cantus Firmus Mass
a purely man-made order. (DuFay)
contrapuntual imitation
familiar style
phrases set homorhythmically
musica reservata
sensitivity to the relation between words and music
sogetto cavato
subject carved out. could produce musical readings of any words by matching the vowels w/ those of the hexachord syllables
Renaissance sound ideal
4, 5, to 6 voices and accapella
nonchalance. Baldassare Castiglione.
soft, gentle
imitation of life
period of European art
vers mesuree
somewhat artificial plan that can sometimes produce a stilted result quite unlike the natural french language.
a special notation which was developed, particularly for lute and vihuela players
a set of matched instruments usually constructed in SATB voice ranges. -(family)
a performance group of similar instruments
Deutsche Messe
german Mass modeled on the gregorian liturgy and music, but was simplified and translated into the vernacular.
cantional setting
when chorale melody was placed in the topmost voice and the other voices matched it in familiar style.
collection of psalms and their music that were published.
personal success and honor achieved through the cultivation of one’s own talents and personal fulfillment in this life
improvisatory and virtuasic meant to be played by the lute, keyboard, or string instruments
a work traditionally for keyboard which represented fast fingers
highly improvisatory piece which might preface some other work
another name for a prefatory work
likely grew from the practice of singing poetry to accompaniment improvisatory. Syllabic, familiar, top voice.
advocated by luther, singable, everyone could participate
imitate the motet in instrumental style
still used bar form. commonly relied on a preexisting tune in the tenor voice, presented in slow moving note values
more vigorous french version of the saltarello
the instrumental equivalent of the french chanson. Instrumental.
The council of Trent

18 year meeting

Hire a custom writer who has experience.
It's time for you to submit amazing papers!

order now

-corruption of chant by embellishment

-use of certain instruments in religious services

-incorporation of popular music in masses

-secularization of music

-irreverent attitude of church musicians

Italian Madrigal

sophisticated vocal chamber music

-polyphonic chanson style

-demand for music in social contents

-cultivation of excellent poetry


Adrian Willaert



went to the netherlands to Italy and followed Josquin’s trail


Heinrich Glarean
swiss music theorist who seuggested that there were 12 modes instead of 8
Gioseffo Zarlino
Willaert’s pupil who codified the practice of Josquin in “Le Instituioni Harmonique”, which became the classic composition text of the century. Emphasize the importance of relating music to the words.
Martin Luther
began the reformation posting his 95 thesis on the door for the church at Wittenberg. The chorale.
Jaques Arcadelt
flemish composer who led the papal choir of rome provides good examples of simple madrigals.
johannes ockeghem
used canons. began the abadonment of preexisting material and started using four or five voices in his compositions.
Jacob Obrecht
next generation of franco-netherlands composers after ockeghem textures are more transparent. sections shorter and more easily grasped, imitation.
Capriano de Rore
leading composer of Italian Madrigal
Johannes Tinctoris
Music theorist, french but spent a lot of time in Itay. Wrote 8 rules on composition dictating theory rules for cantus firmus composition.
Francesco Petrarch
began the sonnet style
Henry VIII
declared spiritual independence from rome in the act of supremecy when the pope would not declare his divorce. Quickly fragmented the church.
Jean Calvin
follower of luther in Germany and Scandinavia. Reformer.
Ottaviano de Petrucci
published “Harmonicae musices odhecaton A” which was the first publication from movable type.