How do you differentiate between Proper and Ordinary Mass chants?
Ordinary chants are called by their title

Proper chants are called by their function.

Where did the Roman Catholic Mass originate?
It evolved from commemorations of the Last Supper of Jesus and his disciples.
Chant sung before and after a Psalm.
Musical responses to lessons/Bible readings
Some parts of the Mass and Office are chanted to __________ __________.
Recitation formulas.
Recitation Formula
Simple melodic outline that can be used with many different texts.
Responsorial performance
A soloist alternates with the choir or congregation
antiphonal performance
two groups or halves of the choir alternate
direct performance
All solo or all the choir and congregation; NO alternation.
Syllabic style
Chant style in which almost every note has one syllable attached to it.
Neumatic Style
Chant style in which each syllable can carry between one and six notes or so.
Melismatic Style
Chant style in which long melodic passages can be associated with one or a very small amount of syllables.
Psalm tones
Formulas for singing Psalms in the Office. Designed to be adapted to fit ANY Psalm.
Sung at the end of all chants.
Seculorum Amen
Last six syllables of the Doxology, often abbreviated: E U O U A E (sEcUlOrUm AmEn)
Abbreviation of the last six syllables of the Doxology.
Strophic; consists of several stanzas that are all sung to the SAME melody. (Modern example, Amazing Grace)
The singing of Psalms
Chants of the Mass Ordinary
Agnus Dei
ONLY chant written in GREEK
What form does a Kyrie follow?
What is the form “AAA BBB CCC” symbolic of?
The Holy Trinity. Three times repeated for three sections.
expanded an existing chant in three different ways
What three ways could tropes expand chant?
1)Adding new words and music before the chant/between phrases

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2)expanding melody by extending melismas/adding new ones

3)Adding new text to currently existing melismas (Prose).

Were tropes typically melismatic, neumatic, or syllabic?
Neumatic, so as to fit with the chant to which they were attached.
Genre popular from the late ninth through twelfth centuries.
When were sequences most often performed?
After the Alleluia at Mass.
Liturgical dramas
tropes in the form of dialogues and elaborate, Christian plays in Latin.
Were Liturgical dramas part of the liturgy?
No; Not strictly part of the liturgy, but they were linked to it, recorded in liturgical books, and performed in church.
When was Epitaph of Seikilos written?
1st Century C.E.
What was significant about Epitaph of Seikilos to the people in that time?
It was written on the tombstone of Seikilos to mourn his death
Why is Epitaph of Seikilos important to us today?
It is one of the only remaining ancient Greek pieces.