absolute (pure) music
music that has no literary, dramatic, or pictorial program
the Affections
Baroque belief that music should arouse the emotions or affections
a cappella
choral music performed w/out instrument accompaniment
second entry of the subject in a fuge, usually pitched a 4th below or 5th above subject
antique cymbals
small disks of brass
Lyric song for solo voice w/ orch. accompaniment that expresses intense emotion
total abandonment of tonality (centering in a key)
a solo song that tells a story in simple verse
dance form featuring a staged presentation of group or solo dancing w/ music scenery
Portugese term from which ‘baroque’ was probably derived.
basso continuo
Italian for “continuous bass”
bel canto
‘beautiful singing’ florid melodic lines delivered by voices of great agility, smoothness & purity of tone
binary form
two part (A-B) form with each section normally repeated
blue chord
chord commonly used in Jazz which may contain blue notes
transitional passage connecting two sections of a composition
flashy & improvised solo passage, a characteristic of the concerto
polyphonic composition in which one musical line strictly imitates another at fixed distance throughout
vocal work, either sacred or secular, featuring DICERAT (duets, choruses, ensemble, recitatives, arias, and rats)
chamber music
ensemble music for up to about 10 players, w/ 1 player to a part
Baroque congregational hymn of the German Lutheran church
the art of creating & arranging dance steps and movement for staged presentations
chromatic harmony
harmony built from many if not all 12 semitones of the octave
generic word for keyboard instruments
col legno
“with wood” direction to bounce wooden stick of a violin bow against the strings
solo group of instruments in the Baroque conerto grosso
concerto (solo)
a multi-movement instrumental genre for solo instrument and orchestra
the art of combining in a single texture 2 or more melodic lines
in a fugue, the secondary theme heard against the subject; a countertheme
cylical form / structure
structure in which musical material such as theme, presented in one movement returns in a movement
da capo aria
lyric song in ternary (A-B-A) form, commonly found in opera,s cantatas, oratorios
diatonic harmony
harmony biult from 7 tones of a major or minor scale
Dies irae
chant from Requiem Mass whose text concerns Judgement Day
combination of tones that sounds discordant & unstable, in need of resolution
interlude or intermediate section in the Baroq fugue, which serves as an area of relaxation between statements of the subject
equal temperament
17th century discovery in which the range of harmonic possibilities on keyboard instruments was increased through a tuning adjustment
study piece that focuses on a particular technical problem
musical style in which rhythms, melodies, or instruments evoke color & atmosphere in far-off lands
expanded tonality
use of chromatic harmony in 19th century led to free use of all 12 tones in 20th century music
in sonata-allegro: 1st section in which major thematic material is stated
in fugues: 1st section in which voices enter in turn /w subject