Which 2 Broadway musical songwriters are credited with integrating songs, dialogue, and dance together to create a nonstop story line – the integrated musical?
Rodgers and Hammerstein
Which format, released in 1948, became the major record labels’ primary format to sell musical soundtracks?
33 1/3, 12 inch vinyl
What composer is best known for film and TV scores like Peter Gunn and the Pink Panther, as well as winning 4 Oscars and 20 Grammy’s?
Henry Mancini
What influential jazz musician vocal style was the most prominent inspiration for the singing style of Bing Crosby?
Louis Armstrong
What singer first popularized the use of the microphone at close proximity, creating a new vocal sound?
Bing Crosby
What pop singer starred in hit movies, had the #1 show in radio in 1947, helped the recording industry shift to magnetic tape and sold over 400 million records before 1959?
Bing Crosby
Which pop singer left a swing band in 1942, performed for a month at Paramount Theater in Manhattan, and racked up 33 Top Ten hits between 1943 and 1952?
Frank Sinatra
True or False: Both Crosby and Sinatra began their careers as singers featured in famous swing bands.
What is the biggest selling song in he recording industry in U.S. chart history?
“White Christmas”
Who was known as the “King of the Mambo” in the 1950s and has one of the top selling instrumentals of all time, “Cherry Pink” and “Apple Blossom White?”
Perez Prado
What Cuban-born bandleader popularized the Conga and along with Lucille Ball founded Desilu Studios?
Desi Arnez
List the Cuban dance crazes in the correct chronological order:
1. Rumba
2. Conga
3. Mambo
What was the name of the U.S. major label system that paid the artists a salary and had total control over what the acts performed and how they were promoted?
Hollywood’s Studio Era (Artist Stable)
Why did Decca U.K. split from Decca U.S.?
It was costing them too much money from making radar in WWII
What company was the result of the Phillips buying the Dutch record company Phonogram?
What was the name of the U.S. touring route that matched up black artists (as well as movies) with nightclubs and movie houses?
The Chitlin Circuit
With the help of “Billboard” magazine in 1948, what was the new descriptive term for the black popular music, replacing the label “Race Records?”
Rhythm and Blues (R)
Who introduced boogie-woogie to the public at large through a series of concerts at Carnegie Hall, called From Spirituals to Swing?
John Hammond, Sr.
Who was the Kansas City R shouter dating back to the 1930s who helped break boogie-woogie and later sang the early rock and roll anthem, “Shake, Rattle, and Roll?”
Big Joe Turner
What black piano style, coming out of the south, became a driving force in rhythm and blues, and later, rock and roll?
Jump bands
Who is most often credited as the Father of R, who first took the jump band to fame through Decca Records?
Louis Jordan
From whose swing band did Louis Jordan emerge to form his jump blues combo?
The Timpani Five
Who determines when a song is a crossover?
The buying public
What does “LP” stand for?
Long Play
About when did magnetic tape replace wax as the primary high quality recording medium?
What is an acetate?
A record format, where instead of cutting a wax cake, a platter consisting of base metal with a thin coating of acetate polymer is cut.
How much time could fit on a side of the 45rpm 7-inch single?
4 minutes
How much time could fit on a side of the 33 1/3rpm 12-inch LP?
20 minutes
How did the demographic of the record-buyer change when white audiences began buying large amounts of R and rock and roll?
It changed from targeting adults to targeting teenagers.
Who first manufactured and later controlled much of the jukebox machine business from the 1930s onward?
They were manufactured in New Jersey and distributed by the Mafia
What was Payola?
Payment, usually in cash, for DJ services
True or False: Until recent decades, musicians that were on small labels made most of their money “working” at shows, not from record proceeds.
In 1947, 2 sons of a Turkish ambassador, Ahmet and Neshui Ertegun (along with Herb Abramson) started a classic R, jazz, blues and rock record label called:
Atlantic Records
Which Atlantic Records employee convinced the label’s executives to adopt recording to tape, recording in stereo, and using 8-track tape machines as soon as the technology was made available in the 1950s?
Tom Dowd
Who amplified the term Rock & Roll to describe the music in 1951, to avoid the term Rhythm & Blues?
Alan Freed
What was the name of Alan Freed’s famous teen radio show Broadcast out of Cleveland, Ohio in 1951?
Moon-dog Show
How many tracks were considered the high standard in the large studios during the 1950s?
2 or 3 tracks
British EMI bought what successful American 1940s jazz pop label in 1955?
Capitol Records
During which 5 year period did doowop music reach it’s peak airwave saturation in the U.S.?
1955 – 1959
True or False: DooWop was the “bread-and-butter” of most independent record labels during the 1950s. These labels sold most of this local talent locally.
Who are credited as being R&B then rock songwriters who became the music business’s first independent producers, later spawning the Sweet Soul style?
Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
In the 1950s, how did a cover song and remake differ?
A remake doesn’t directly compete with the original and is released as a different version at a later date whereas major labels release covers as soon as possible.
Who originally sang Leiber and Stoller’s “Hound Dog?”
Big Mama Thornton
Who did the most to make the electric guitar the most important ingredient of rock and roll?
Chuck Berry
What did Bo Diddley do on the guitar that imposed a new vitality to the instrument?
He played his guitar like a drummer played his drums.
Which Chicago record label was responsible for making both Bo Diddley and Chuck Berry hit artists?
Chess Records
After Elvis Presley, who was the second best-selling U.S. recording artist of the late 1950s?
Pat Boone
On what record label did Ray Charles first find his voice, a sound that would be later be called Soul?
Atlantic Records
Sun Records owner Sam Phillips invested in 2 Ampex 350 tape machines that enabled him to create what studio effect?
“Slap Back” a.k.a. echo effects
Who was Elvis Presley’s manager, taking him to the majors?
Colonel Tom Parker
What city did Elvis Presley grow up in, and make his first several years of recordings?
Memphis, TN
Who was Elvis Presley’s producer after his 1956 movie box-office smash “Love Me Tender?”
Chet Atkins
True or False: Elvis Presley loved gospel music, and tried to join a famous group before recording his rock & roll records.
What was Colonel Tom Parker’s background before becoming Elvis Presley’s manager?
He worked on traveling carnivals and managed Eddy Arnold
To which label was Elvis Presley signed to when he first began using television to introduce himself to the national audience?
Buddy Holly and the Crickets decided to change from a country band to a rock and roll band after seeing what act performed?
They saw Elvis perform live
Which teen idol came from a television series and became the fourth best-selling artist of the period from 1955 to 1959?
Ricky Nelson
What is “Sweet Soul?”
Soul music with big budget orchestral production values
What famous gospel group did Sam Cooke leave when he jumped from sacred to soul music?
Soul Stirrers
True or False: Leiber and Stoller had already become hit song writers for the black R market before writing songs for Elvis Presley.
What was the most popular black group in America from 1957 through 1961, produced by Leiber and Stoller?
The Coasters
Who was making jazz records with Lionel Hampton, touring with Dizzy Gillespie, and making jazz records with his own bands before writing and producing popular music?
Quincy Jones
How many seats is a typical Off-Broadway theater?
Fewer than 300
What is the longest running musical in the history of the musical?
“The Fantastiks”
Who created “West Side Story?”
Leonard Berstein and Stephen Sondheim
Who is known as the creator of the Wall of Sound production style?
Phil Spector
Which Brill Building-era songwriter also a teen idol and, at one time, a concert pianist?
Neil Sedaka
Who co-created Aldon Music and crafted the “girl group” sound of the early 1960s?
Don Kirshner
Dionne Warwick made what writing team famous in the ’60s by singing their songs like “Walk On By,” “I Say A Little Prayer,” and “Do You Know The Way To San Jose?”
Burt Bacharach and Hal David
Which songwriting team received BMI’s Song of the Century Award and are responsible for hits such as “You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feeling,”On Broadway,” and “We Got To Get Out Of This Place?”
Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil
Which songwriting team specialized in writing girl group hits for Aldon Music, turning out such hits like “Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow,” “One Fine Day,” and “The Loco-Motion?”
Gerry Goffin and Carole King
Which songwriting team specialized in writing many of the biggest Phil Spector productions, including “Da Doo Ron Ron,” “Then He Kissed Me,” “Baby I Love You,” and “Be My Baby?”
Jeff Barry and Ellie Greenwich