The St. Louis Style of ragtime that took america by storm at the turn of the century was led by what two black composers/publishers

Scott Joplin

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W.C. Handy

True or False

Because of manumission, by 1800, the number of free blacks outnumbered slaves in the American Hemisphere





True or False

More African slaves were brought to North American than in Brazil, Spanish America or the Caribbean?


Which previously established musical groups became the first jazz units in New Orleans?

Marching Bands

Where were slaves allowed to congregate and perform traditional dances from their African homelands through most of the 19th Century?

Congo Square

What was Storyville?

District in New Orleans with Brothels and Gambling



What instrument began to replace the tuba when jazz moved indoors?




Double Bass

What instrument began to replace the banjo when jazz moved indoors?


Who was the first significant (and universally respected) White Jazz musician often compared with Armstrong in Chicago
Bix Beiderbecke

What City is the birthplace of Jazz?

New Orleans

How did the “Chicago Style” of jazz differ from the New Orleans “hot jazz” style?

Large individual Solo sections

Who was the first significant jazz soloist and the first internationally recognized jazz stars making the art of solo improvisation one of the basic foundations of all of jazz? He is possibly the most important jazz artist of all time.

Louis Armstrong

Who was the ragtime trained New Orleans pianist who became the first significant composer of jazz?

Jelly Roll Morton

New York’s James P. Johnson created a new swinging style of ragtime. What is this piano style called?
In what jazz style era did band need a musical arranger and jazz musicians had to be able to read music?
Big Band/ Swing
What is the standard instrumentation of the swing orchestra? List the number of instruments contained in each section.

5 Saxes

4 Trombones

4 Trumpets

Rhythm-Piano, Guitar, Double bass, Drums;

Who Was the Harlem Renaissance pianist and bandleader that made jazz arranging and compostion into fine art, broadcasting his music across the country from the Cotton Club?
Duke Ellington
Which Swing-era bandleader led a band that included Louis Armstrong as a soloist and was dubbed the ;Inventor of Swing; because of his arrangements?
Fletcher Henderson
What kansas city Swing Band was known for its strong anchoring in the blues and often played their parts from memory instead of charts?;
Basie Band
The Big Band Era marked a 15 year period when popular hits were in the jazz/big band idiom.; Though developed by Ellington and others in the 1920’s  when did it become a big hit with the public?
What Jazz artist popularized electric guitar with horn like single line solos while playing with Benny Goodman?
Charlie Christian
Which jazz singer was influenced by Bessie Smith and Louis Armstrong during her youth and was "discovered" in New York City by A & R guru John Hammond?
Billie Holliday
Bebop was born and developed in what city in clubs such as Minton’s Playhouse and the Three Deuces?
What was Dizzy Gillespie’s instrument of expertise?
What was Charlie "Bird" Parker’s instrument of expertise?
Alto Sax
What was Thelonious Monk’s instrument of expertise?
Which band leader fused latin arrangements with bebop in his jazz big band, which included percussionist Chano Puzo?
Tito Puente
What was Miles Davis" instrument of expertise?
What West coast pianist/band leader fused 20th century orchestral elements to jazz, playing tunes in odd time signaturess like 5/4 and 9/8?
Dave Brubeck
Utilizing laid back arragements of bebop styled tunes. Miles Davis made a 1949 recording for nine players inspired the "Cool Jazz" era. What was the name of this famous album?
The Birth of the Cool
Joao Gilberto commonly recorded the music of which Brazilian songwriter, leading the Bossa Nova style to popularity in the 60’s
Tom Jobim
What artist/band leader composer first successfully brought the model approach to jazz?
Miles Davis
What jazz saxophonist/composer released the highly influential free jazz album in 1960?
Ornette Coleman
How is the free jazz style approach different than other jazz styles?
No set chord progression, chorus, meter, rhythm
What Saxophonist pushed the art of improvisation to new standards with the Giant Steps and A Love Supreme albums, introducing Eastern musical ideas and spiritualism into his music?
John Coltrane
Which 1969 album fused rock, funk, and jazz to start a new trend called fusion?
Bitches Brew
Which modern saxophonist/composer toured with Miles Davis, Cecil Taylor, and Dizzy Gillespie, managed a concert loft in New York, and moved to florida to pursue large composition projects?
Sam Rivers
What modern New york saxophonist is well known outside of jazz for his classical compositions, his punk hardcore and modern funk/rock compositions and productions?
John Zorn
Which big band leader/pianist used costumes and stage effects to create experimental jazz, utilizing outer space themes?
Sun Ra
List Jazz styles in their correct chronological Order

Hot jazz








What artist has attempted to bring attention to non-fusion and older jazz musicians and traditional styles through his own playing?
Wynton Marsalis