The term “blues” and the music it describes was first notated by a university in which century?
20th Century (1903)
What style of music is the music of the black church?
Soul Gospel
Who is the first commercially successful man to record authentic southern black country blues vocals?
Papa Charlie Jackson
What were jugs in the jugs bands?
They were used as brass instruments
Who recorded “Crazy Blues,” the first recorded vocal blues song (1920)?
Mamie Smith
True or False: Women recorded vocal blues for several years before men did?
Where did most blues women begin their professional careers in the early days of the blues?
Minstrel Show Circuit
The first sales of blues music on records opened an entirely new market of black music for black customers. What was this market called by the record industry before 1948?
Race Records
Who is known as the “Empress of the Blues?”
Bessie Smith
How was Down Home blues generally different than city blues in the 1920s?
Down Home blues musicians generally performed solo, while city blues had backing orchestras
What brought many blacks to the Mississippi Delta where the Delta blues style would grow?
It was rich in many styles of music
What are the 2 largest cities in the Mississippi Delta region?
Helena, AK and Memphis, TN
Which 2 music style characteristics are commonly identified with Mississippi Delta Blues?
Delta and bottleneck (slide)
The most well-known style associated with bottleneck (slide) is:
Percussive attack
Who would become the best known early bluesman, called the “King of the Delta Blues Singers,” also famous for the legend of selling his soul for talent?
Robert Johnson
True or False: Some down-home blues artists were also preachers.
Which 3 regions are considered important style centers in down-home country blues?
Piedmont, Texas, Delta
What blues style are BBQ Bob, Sonny Terry, and Blind Willie McTell associated with?
Ragtime blues
What are 2 of the most common style characteristics of Piedmont Blues music and performance?
Ragtime Blues and soloists’ blues
Who was responsible for packaging the album Robert Johnson, King of the Delta Blues Singers and invited Johnson to perform at Carnegie Hall in his “Form Spirituals to Swing” concerts, (but Johnson died just weeks before the event)?
John Hammond
What did Thomas A. Dorsey call his blues-based church music?
Gospel Music
True or False: The number of churches provided more opportunities for gospel groups than secular artists had in nightclubs through the 1960s.
What was the name of the most commonly practiced vocal gospel style from the late 1920s through the 1940s?
Jubilee Style
What Chicago-based record label recorded electric blues artists like Muddy Waters and Howlin’ Wolf?
Chess Records
Who was “discovered” and recorded by Alan Lomax in Mississippi, moved to Chicago in 1943, and became Chess Record’s biggest blues star?
Muddy Waters
Which artist is the best known for his blues harp (harmonica) playing?
Sonny Boy Williamson
What blues style are Muddy Waters, Elmore James, Willie Dixon, and Sonny Boy Williamson most famously associated with?
Chicago Blues
What Texas blues artist injected jazz progressions into his blues, influencing blues artists since?
Aaron “T-Bone” Walker
What gospel style, characterized by multiple wailing lead vocals, popularized by groups such as the Soul Stirrers, replaced the jubilee style in the late 1940s?
Hard Gospel
What style do the Five Blind Boys of Alabama best present?
Hard Gospel
Which gospel singer was influenced by the blues vocals of Bessie Smith, and was dubbed “The Queen of Gospel Music?”
Mahalia Jackson
What blues style are Blind Lemon Jefferson, T-Bone Walker, Albert Collins and Stevie Ray Vaughn associated with?
Texas Blues
What section in Memphis, Tennessee was the center of live music activity for bluesmen such as B.B. King, Furry Lewis, Bukka White, and Willie Newborn?
Beale Street
Stevie Ray Vaughn’s musical career began at age eight, and he went on to be one of the finest Texas blues men, loved by many from the rock crowd, as well as blues lovers and the finest bluesmen. What event cut his career short?
His death in a helicopter crash
What New Orleans pianist became well known for his blues playing, using Mardi Gras props and psychedelia in his staging, sometimes playing for Phil Spector’s wall of sound sessions?
Dr. John
What was the name of the Manhattan publishing community that became prominent at the dawn of the 20th century, providing the songs for theater shows?
Tin Pan Alley
In regards to entertainment, the term Broadway is synonyms with:
American Musical Theater
True or False: The Broadway district still exists in New York City.
Before radio and television shows, what was considered by the music business to be the most important quality for a song’s success?
Where is New York’s Broadway Theater district today?
Midtown district of Manhattan, along Broadway between 42nd Street (Time’s Square) and 54th Street
New York City was not the only place that stage entertainment was enjoyed in the 1800s. What types of show were mounted on across the country on small stages with small casts and first opened opportunities for black musicians after the Civil War?
Minstrel Shows
What turn-of-the-century piano style was first popularized by Scott Joplin and used in minstrel shows, becoming crucial in the development of early jazz?
British team Gilbert and Sullivan were immensely popular in New York through the early 20th Century. What category of entertainment does their work fall?
What type of staged variety show of the late 1800s/early 1900s contained a lineup of 10 acts by a group of musicians, acrobats, family acts, comedians, jugglers, magicians, and trained animals?
Which of the pre-musical entertainment genres functioned like a vaudeville, but had more daring material including strippers?
What is a revue?
Plotless programs of songs, dances, and comedy sketches.
True or False: Broadway shows before the 1930s tended to be plotless strings of unrelated (or loosely related) songs with choreography by well-known stars.
Edison’s first cylinder format was made of what material?
Hand-cranked brass material wrapped in tin foil.
Edison, considering music recording below his phonograph’s potential, had what purpose in mind?
Voice dictation recorder for the business world
Who invented the first microphone, which employed a carbon element that is used in telephones?
Emile Berliner
Who invented the first flat-disc record player (78 rpm) about 10 years later than Edison’s invention?
Emile Berliner
True or Flase: Magnetic recording began with the use of wire, not tape.
True or False: Edison’s control of his labels did a great deal to support the notion that only the best music and performers were associated with records.
What is the first record label strictly for music recordings in the world?
Columbia Records
Emile Berliner created 3 label manufacturers for his 78 rpm disc invention. What was the name of his label in the U.S.?
Victor Records
Emile Berliner created 3 label manufacturers for his 78 rpm disc invention. What was the name of his label in Germany?
Deutshe Gramophone Gesellschaft
Emile Berliner created 3 label manufacturers for his 78 rom disc invention. What was the name of his label in England – which served as his headquarters?
HMV – His Master’s Voice
What company created RCA in 1919 to buy radio manufacturing license in America from Marconi?
General Electric
What underclass groups were the predominant creative sources for the first major trends in American pop music?
Jews and African Americans
George Gershwin became famous for his upbeat, witty shows and film scores, but is best remembered for his opera masterpiece of 1935 called:
Porgy and Bess
Which songwriter was a Russian immigrant and starting in 1911, wrote a series of smash hits including “Alexander’s Ragtime Band,” “God Bless America,” “White Christmas,” “Blue Skies,” and “Putting on the Ritz?”
Irving Berlin
Which songwriter was on the staff at Warner Bros., 20th Century Fox, MGM, and Paramount Studios, from 1933 through 1961, and is the most successful songwriter in the history of motion pictures?
Harry muthafuckin Warren
When did record companies begin to use electricity to cut grooves instead of the acoustic power inherent in sound?
When did dynamic (moving coil) mics first become popular in broadcasting and recording?
What instrument designer cited the Theremin as the major influence for his own most popular product?
Robert Moog