True or False

Instrumentation (the choice of instruments used) is a deciding factor in determining whether music is “true” folk music.

2. What is folk process?
b. The collective changing of a song.
3. What do Hornpipes, Jigs, Reels, and Strathpeys all have in common?
b. They are all Celtic dance music styles
4. Through what famous singing group did America first learn of Spirituals?
c. Fisk Jubilee Singers
5. Why did folklorists John and Alan Lomax first tour through America seeking to record folk and blues?
d. They realized that the folk traditions in remote communities were in danger of being lost to the commercial reach of radio.
6. What 5 instruments usually comprise the average Bluegrass band?
b. Fiddle, mandolin, guitar, banjo, bass fiddle
7. What artist was called “America’s tuning fork” by poet Carl Sandburg; stayed on the forefront of music and politics through the 1960s; was blacklisted by the McCarthy era’s HUAC committee; and wrote 60s civil rights and folk anthems We Shall Overcome, If I Had A Hammer and Turn, Turn, Turn?
a. Pete Seeger
8. What is the traditional music of the black, French speaking country people of the bayou regions of central and southern Louisiana?
9. What East Coast folk artist openly opposed the Vietnam War by organizing the Institute of for the Study of Non-Violence, and also made the song We Shall Overcome, co-written by Pete Seeger, the 1960s anti-war anthem?
b. Joan Baez
10. Bob Dylan traveled from his Minnesota home to New York City, allowing him to see what dying folk artist, who was also his most important single influence?
d. Woody Guthrie
11. What was a Medicine Show?
a. A traveling business selling “patent medicines”
12. Which radio station developed the most popular “barn dance” radio show, called “The Grand Ole Opry” in the 1920s?
a. WSM Nashville
13. Which singer learned the blues as a railroad laborer, later combining it with hillbilly music?
c. Jimmie Rodgers
14. What early producer recorded both the Carter Family and Jimmie Rodgers for Victor in 1927?
d. Ralph Peer
15. What musical style became the predominant influence on popular music from the mid-1930s through the 1940s?
b. Swing Jazz
16. Rockabilly can be described as a blend of what two styles of music? (Two Answers)
b. Hillbilly and d. R&B and
17. The West Coast style of country artists, whose roster includes Merle Haggard and Buck Owens, is best described as a blend of what two older country styles? (Two answers)
Rockabilly and e. Honky-Tonk
18. What guitarist formed The Flying Burrito Brothers and “spread the gospel” of electric country guitar oriented music in the late 1960s?
c. Gram Parsons
19. What three cities are the major producers of country music in the USA? (Three answers)
a. Dallas, TX c. Nashville, TN e. Austin, TX
20. What country movement/style is associated with the early 1980s that blends disco-ized country songs and electronic rodeos?
a. Urban Cowboy
19. What three cities are the major producers of country music in the USA? (Three answers)
a. Dallas, TX, c. Nashville, TN, e. Austin, TX
1. Who recorded Crazy Blues, the first recorded vocal blues song (1920)?
c. Mamie Smith
2. The first sales of blues music on records opened an entirely new market of black music for black consumers. What was this market called by the record industry before 1948?
c. Race Records
How was Down Home blues generally different than city blues in the 1920s?
4. What are the two largest cities in the Mississippi Delta region? (2 answers)
e. Helena, Arkansas a. Memphis
5. Which of the following music style characteristics are commonly identified with Mississippi Delta Blues? (two answers)
a. Percussive attack on and e. 12-string guitar