They’ll be joy joy
gospel hymn
amazing grace
spiritual song
nobody knows the trouble i’ve seen
nearer my god to thee
i wish i was in dixie’s land
minstrel song
i dream of jeanie with the light brown hair
sentimental song
oh susanna
minstrel song
the anacreontic song or “anacreon in heaven”
drinking song
get off the track
abolitionist song or emancipation song
le bananier
character piece
fuga giocosa
classical piano music
symphony in e minor, second movement
symphony movement
Shape note singing
way to read music that was supposed to teach people how to sing harmony
Southern Harmony
book about shape-note singing by William Walker
William Walker
“singing billy walker” wrote Southern Harmony
The Sacred Harp
most popular shape-note singing book by B.F. White and it is still in publication
Alan Lomax
choir guy who wanted music that was intended to be religious to become social
Fisk Singers
Professor White
Henry Thacker Burley
set spirituals to popular music
Music Reform
people in cities thought shape singing was passe and the churches wanted to phase it out; began divide in North and South
Lowell Mason
composer and educator; embraced contemporary and tradition; brought music to public schools in Boston!!! “Nearer My God to Thee”
Brass Bands
outdoor ensembles; status symbol for small towns
Really Popular Brass Band
Boston Brass Band
Minstral Show
white performers in black face; whites embracing black culture while making fun of it.
Instruments of Minstral Shows
bones, banjo, concertina (accordion), and tambourine
Thomas Dartmouth
“daddy rice”; father of american minstrelsy; his character was jim crowe
EP Christy
the leader of the Christy Minstrels; took credit for Stephen Foster’s “Old Folks at Home”
Daniel emmett
leader of VA minstrels; “Dixie”
James Bland
black musician who got involved in minstrel shows; first black man to get a college education; “Carry Me Back to Old Virginny”
Stephen Foster
Us 1st musical genius; begins with minstrel shows but disagrees and was more known for his “sentimental parlor ballads”; plays flute and piano
Famous Stephen Foster Songs
“Oh Susanna”
“I Dream of Jeannie with the Light Brown Hair”
“Camptown Races”
“Nelly…” – respected black women
“Swanee River”
“Old Folks at home”
lighthearted songs
“Star Spangled Banner”
Francis Scott Key
George Root
composer in chicago; “Battle Cry of Freedom”
Bands in Civil War
people joined war efforts as a band
Bands in Civil War
people joined war efforts as a band
Famous Northern War Band
1st Wisconsin Brigade Band
Famous Southern War Band
26th NC Regimental Band;
Patrick Gilmore
Band Master of Union Army; “When Johnny Comes marching Home”; arranger of transcriptions; formed a concert band
John Philip Sousa
1st American groomed musician; played violin, piano, trumpet, horn, trombone; played with the US Marine Band; started the world famous Sousa Band; called the “march king”; helped start ASCAP; always inspired by something and wrote in duple meter; “Stars and Stripes forever”
Louis- Antoine Jullien
French conductor of Jullien orchestra; played American composers pieces and used American musicians;
Theodore Thomas
raised level of orchestral music appreciation; made programming important for audience appreciation; founded the Theodore Thomas Orchestra— LATER CHICAGO SYMPHONY
Jenny Lind
singer; Swedish Nightingale; worked with PT Barnum; kind of tour; people built halls to get her to sing
Louis Moreau Gattschalk
NOLA boy; first US celebrity virtuoso musician (played piano); played legato with pedals and played character pieces;
national pride
Anthony Philip Heinrich
“The Ornithological Combat of Kings”; from Bohemia; called the “Log Cabin Composer”
Jeanette Thurber
Founder of the National Conservatory of Music in NYC
Antonin Dvorak
Symphony No. 9; used pentatonic scales; great teacher
John Knowles Paine
leader of the new school of composers; first professor of music at Harvard
John Knowles Paine
leader of the new school of composers; first professor of music at Harvard
Amy Cheney Beach
printed as AC Beach; famous for art songs; explored folk music
Edward McDowell
arts integration beginner; recognized tone colors; “To a Wild Rose”
Arthur Farwell
created music that was truly representative of native music; began the Wa-Wan Press: his own publishing company because he couldn’t get it published; published any American composers no matter what critics say
spiritual songs
perfomred as the finale of a minstrel show where people got up and walked around
most popular singing family
program pieces
describing music as a sequence of scenes or events
repeated pattern
a musical work consisting of several sections