The progressive composers working in Germany in the period after 1850 became known as the _________________________.
New German School
In his symphonic poems, Liszt employed _________________________ to develop structural coherence in unconventional forms.
thematic transformation
Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde is an example of the genre he called _________________________.
musical drama
A musical idea in Wagner’s mature works, often associated with an idea or character in the plot and developed in symphonic style in the orchestra, is usually called a _________________________, a term the composer himself did not use.
The composer _________________________ took up the tradition of Mendelssohn and Schumann and later provided important support to the career of Dvorak.
Verdi’s last two operas were both adapted from works of _________________________, who was an important figure in nineteenth-century literary thought.
William Shakespeare
The post-Romantic composer Gustav Mahler based several of his symphonies on material taken from _________________________.
his own lieder
The _________________________ employed plots that featured violent emotional outbreaks in characters from the lower classes and a musical style based on declamatory singing and powerful orchestration.
verismo opera
Composers seeking to revitalize the European musical tradition in the late nineteenth century turned to _________________________, the use of materials derived from musical styles from outside the leading nations of Europe.
The _________________________ was an important group of nationalist composers in the late nineteenth century.
moguchay kuchka