1.    Tragedie lyrique
French form of opera in 17th and 18th C.; pioneered by Jean-Baptiste Lully; combined French classical drama and ballet with music, dances, and spectacles; literally means lyric tragedy.
2.    French overture
a slow opening, majestic, homophonic overture that is followed by a faster section that begins with imitation.
 an ornament in French music usually indicated by a sign; used to ornament a cadence or other important part; literally means charm.
Style Brise
 broken or arpeggiated texture in keyboard and lute music from 17th C. France; originated with the lute; later transferred to the keyboard; literally means broken style.
5.    Italian cantata-
17th and 18th C. works for vocal chamber with continuo; usually for solo voice with several movements including recitatives and arias and dramatic text; literally means to be sung.
6.    Da capo aria
aria form with two sections; the first is repeated and the second’s close; there is an instruction to the performer, which indicates this repeat of the first section; creates an ABA form.
7.    Sonata da camera-
also known as a chamber sonata; usually a suite of stylized dances; scored for one or more treble instruments and continuo.
 a dance in binary form; written in triple meter at a moderate tempo and with an upbeat; featured as a standard movement of the Baroque dance suite.
stylized dance movement of a standard Baroque suite; written in binary form and known for fast compound meter; also has widemelodic leaps; the two sections both begin with imitation; literally means jig.
Trio Sonata
instrumental genre of Baroque period; written for two treble instruments (usually violins) above a basso continuo; performance might require four or more players if more than one was used for the continuo part.
Ritornello form
in 16th and 17th C. vocal music this was an instrumental interlude between sung stanzas; in an aria this is a similar passage that recurs several times, like a refrain; typically played at the beginning, between stanzas, and at the end; states the main theme.
Chorale Prelude
short setting for organ of a chorale melody; used in an introduction for congregational singing or as an interlude.
Traite de l’harmonie-
 (Treatise on Harmony) influential writings on theory by Rameau; approached music as a source of empirical data that could be explained on rational principles; focused on the fundamental bass idea; coined the terms “tonic,” “subdominant,” and “dominant.”
Lutheran Church Cantata
form of music in the 18th C. that combined poetic texts with the texts drawn from chorales or the Bible; this included arias, recitatives, and usually one or more choruses.
Sonata da chiesa
(church sonata) Baroque instrumental work intended for performance in a church; usually four movements (slow-fast-slow-fast); scored for one or more treble instruments and continuo.15.    Sonata da chiesa
(French for “German”) highly stylized dance in binary form; moderately fast quadruple meter with almost continuous movement beginning at the upbeat; usually appears as the first dance in a suite; popular in Renaissance and Baroque.
in French Baroque music, a slow moving dance in binary form and triple meter; emphasizing the second beat; standard movement of a suite.