Scott Joplin (D-N)
1868-1917, American
Richard Strauss (D-N)
1864-1949, German
Gustav Mahler (D-N)
1860-1911, Austrian
Erik Satie (D-N)
1866-1925, French
Claude-Achille Debussy (D-N)
1862-1918, French
Maurice Ravel (D-N)
1875-1937, French
Giacomo Puccini (D-N)
1858-1924, Italian
Thomas Edison
An American inventor
Claude Monet
French impressionist painter
Paul Cezane
post-impressionist painter
Pablo Picasso
Spanish painter, draughtsman and sculptor who is known for co-founding the Cubist movement
Jelly Roll Morton
American jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who claimed to be the Originator of Jazz
Hugo von Hofmannsthal
Austrian novelist, librettist, poet, dramatist, narrator and essayist.
Manuel de Falla
Spanish composer of classical music
Gustav Holst
English composer and teacher who was influenced by Revel, Strauss and his own student, Ralph Vaughan Williams
Ralph Vaughan Williams
influential English composer of symphonies, chamber music, opera, choral music and film scores.
Sir Edward Elgar
English Romantic composer. enigma variations, pomp and circumstances
Cecil Sharp
founding father of the folklore revival in England and many of England’s traditional dances.
Leos Janacek
Czech composer who wrote for orchestra and operas. He is known as one of his country’s foremost composers
Jean Sibelius
Finnish composer who wrote seven symphonies. His music was often very modal.
Sergei Rachmaninov
Russian composer who was one of the last great champions of the Romantic style of European classical music. One of the best pianists of the 20th century with HUGE HANDS.
Alexander Skryabin
Russian composer and pianist who wrote many piano pieces.
Invention and importance of the tape recorder
It was now easy to record and re-record onto a cheap medium
Invention and importance of the tape recorder
It was now easy to record and re-record onto a cheap medium
Tried to caputre the impressions that things gave the artist, adopting a stance of detached observation rather than direct emotional engagement.
a style in which three-dimensional objects are represented on a flat plane by breaking them down into geometrical shapes, such as cubes and cones, and juxtaposing or overlapping them in an active, colorful design.
The musical
featured songs and dance numbers in styles drawn from popular music in the context of a spoken play with a comic or romantic plot.
music for silent films
Scores were written in order to cover the sound of projector, and give continuity to scenes, as well as give mood to the images going on screen.
Music for concert band
Bandleaders worked hard to establish a repertoire that could rival that of an orchestra.
African american bands
Began as brass bands, evolved. Played a swinging and syncopated style of music from notation.
Featured syncopated rhythm against a regular, march like bass.
Early Jazz
evolved from a diverse tradition encompassing many styles, genres, and social roels but seems to have begun as a mixture of ragtime and dance music with elements of the blues.
Jazz performance practice
Instead of playing straight notation, players extemporized arrangements that distinguished one performer or performance from another.
Mahler’s style
Mahler was famous for expanding the number of voices used in his symphonies and the feelings he created from different harmonies and melodies in his works. He composed program music
Debussy’s style
Debussy drew from the French tradition a preference for sensibility, taste, and restraint. He was an impressionist and symbolist.
Debussy’s influence on other composers
Every composer of the 20th century was influenced by Debussy’s emphasis on sound itself.
Ravel’s style
Often referred to as an impressionist, but is more of someone who fused together everything. He used a lot of dissonance.
Nationalism in England, Holst and Vaughan Williams
Sought to define a voice for English art
Post-tonal music
Strauss, Ravel, Vaughan Williams, Rachminanov and others were able to find new ways of using tonality so music didn’t sound like dog shit. People like Debussy and Scriabin had tonal centers but were so freaking random that it could only be described as “post-tonal.” Dog shit.
The Avant-Garde
A stupid movement where people thought they were “paving the way” for what was to come, but again, it just sounded like ass. It’s about an attitude, not an emotion. I’m so angry.
Satie’s style
Would not change anything in dynamics, tempo or anything of the sort, but used lots of modes and not-resolving chords. Because hey, why not? Anger.
Making music based on noise. OH MY GOD. They built stupid instruments that made stupid sounds. Electronic music and microtnoal composition. I fucking hate music.
The Art of Noises
The idea of creating music, dissonant or not, based on the noises made by machines.