Variations on a theme by Haydn
Tragic Overture
Academic Festival overture
Four major romantic symphonies without programs
Symphony No. 9 (From the New World)
Antonin Dvořak
Overture-fantasy (Romeo and Juliet)
Swan Lake
Sleeping Beauty Ballet
The Nutcracker ballet
Symphony no. 6 (Pathetique)
Les Huguenots
Giacomo Meyerbeer
Orpheus in the Underworld
Jacques Offenbach
Die Fledermaus
Johann Straus
Georges Bizet
Les Troyens
La Cenerentola
THe Barber of Seville
Guillaume Tell
The Elixir of Love
Il trovatore
La Traviata
Giacomo Meyerbeer
Meyerbe’s first operas set the pattern for musical treatment, using every available technique to dramatize the action and please the public.
Jacques Offenbach
Established a ca-can dance for the gods in Orpheus in the Underworld. His work influenced developments in comic opera in England, Vienna, the United States and elsewhere.
Charles Gounod
Helped establish the opera genre “Lyric Opera”
Georges Bizet
Began to combine exoticism and romanticism.
Gaetano Donizetti
Wrote all different types of music, specialized in opera, and even moreso specialized in fucking with the audience’s head via different harmonies.
Vincenzo Bellini
Known for long, sweeping, highly embellished, intensely emotional melodies.
Carl Maria Von Weber
Established German romantic opera with “Der Freischutz”
Der Freischutz
Carl Maria von Weber
Name the four Operas of Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen.
Das Rheingold, Die Walkure, Siegfried, Gotterdammerung
Tristan und Isolde
Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg
H.M.S Pinafore
Gilbert and Sullivan
The Mikado
Gilbert and Sullivan
Ruslan und Lyudmila
Mikhail Glinka
Eugene Onegin
Aleksandr Pushkin
Boris Godunov
Modest Mussorgsky
Capriccio espagnol
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
Slavonic Dances
Antonin Dvořak
Bartered Bride
Bedřich Smetana
Christy’s Minstrels
A scuccessful minstrel troop from the late 19th century. Explored issues of social and political power and of proper and improper behavior through inversions of normal social roles.
Mikhail Glinka
THe first Russian composer recognized both by Russians and internationally as an equal of his Western contemporaries. He established his reputation in 1836 with the patriotic, pro-government historical drama A Life For The TSar, the first Russian opera sung throughout.
Anton Rubinstein
a virtuoso pianist and prolific composer, who founded the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1862.
Sought to reconcile the nationalist and internationalist tendencies in russian music.
Mily Balakireve
Part of the Mighty Handful, leader of the Handful
Alexander Borodin
Part of the Mighty Handful, actually a chemist, never finished his works.
Nicholas Rimsky-Korsakov
Part of the Mighty Handful, became a teacher and had to work very hard to surpass his own students.
Caesar Cui
Part of the Mighty Handful, composed 14 operas
Modest Musorgsky
Part of the Mighty Handful, wrote operas
Berlioz (dates)
1803-1869, French, wrote the five-act opera Les Troyens, wrote the text for it himself.
Mozart (dates/nationality)
1756-1791, Austria
Franz Joseph Haydn (dates)
1732-1809, Austrian
Franz Peter Schubert (dates)
1797-1828, German
Verdi (dates)
1813-1901, Italian, THE opera writer of the 19th century.
Puccini (Dates)
1858-1924 Italian Most successful opera composer after verdi. He began writing operas with a continuous flow as opposed to piece after piece.
Gioachino Rossini
1792-1868 Italian By far the most famous/successful composer of the early 1800s. He wrote all different types, and mastered them all as well.
Grand Opera
Huge operas where the production was as important as the music.
Opera Comique
Used spoken dialogue instead of recitative.
Lyric Opera
Developed from opera comique, lyric opera is in beween liht opera and grand opera. Its main appeal is through melody, but the subject matter is usually romantic drama or fantasy.
Opera bouffe
Opera that satirized French society since it was not controlled by the government
A musical theme that occurs whenever a character appears.
Wagner’s concept of combining scenic design, staging, action, and music together to have a collective artwork.
Wagner’s opera house at Bayreuth, Germany
Incorporated WAgner’s ideals for the production of music drama.
Felix Mendelssohn dates
1809-1847, German
Robert Schumann dates
1810-1856, German
Fryderyk Chopin dates
1810-1849, Polish
Richard Wagner dates
1813-1883, German
Piotr Il’yich Tchaikovsky dates
1840-1893, Russian
Modest Musorgsky dates
1839-1881, Russian
Franz List dates
1811-1886, Hungarian
Johannes Brahms dates
1833-1897, Austrian
Rossini Crescendo
A simultaneous crescendo and accelerando.
A prayer scene in an Italian Opera (such as the Ave Maria in Othello).
Shared history among a people reflected in art via common storytelling (myths, legends, etc…)
Variety show format. The major form of theatrical entertainment in the US until the talking picture took it over.
Symphonic Poem (tone poem)
A one movement programmatic work with sections of contrasting character and tempo, presenting a few themes that are developed, repeated, varied, or transformed.
Thematic transformation
The manipulation of thematic material to express diverse moods in a programmatic piece.
March form
Form: brief intro (usually 4 m.), two strains or periods, each repeated; a trio in a contrasting key, most often in the subdominant, with an optional intro and two repeated strains; and then a da capo repetition of the march up to the trio.
A religious song of southern slaves, passed down through oral tradition.
The Game
You Just Lost It.