What is a motive?
A short fragment of a melody that is easily recognizable. Motives are usually used repeatedly throughout a composition, contributing to the piece’s unity.
What is counterpoint?
Two or more melodies performed simultaneously. Each melody supports the other(s) harmonically and each melody is rhythmically independent.
What is the difference between monophonic and homophonic textures?
A monophonic texture is a single melody line with NO accompaniment; more than one instrument may be playing but all play the same notes at the same time.

A homophonic texture is a single melody line WITH a harmonic or chordal accompaniment supports the melody.

A polyphonic texture is the same as ______________.
Counterpoint. Polyphony is a type of musical texture in which a composition has two or more independent voices, each having its own melody. Polyphonic music was popular during the Baroque era in genres such as fugues.
Name at least two keyboard instruments that pre-date the piano – they were used from the late 16th through 17th centuries.
The clavichord and the harpsichord. The organ is also a correct answer.
The violin, viola, cello and double bass belong to which family of the orchestra?
Name at least 3 different woodwind instruments.
Piccolo, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon.
What are the standard instruments used in a piano trio?
Piano, violin, cello
What instruments are found in a woodwind quintet?
Flute, oboe, clarinet, french horn (even though it’s a brass instrument!) and bassoon.
What instruments are found in a string quartet?
Two violins, a viola and a cello.
The glockenspiel, timpani and celesta are all _________ percussion instruments.
The bass drum, cymbals and tambourine are all _________ percussion instruments.
What instruments are found in a brass quintet?
1) and 2) Two trumpets or cornets
3) A French Horn
4) A trombone, baritone or euphonium
5) A bass trombone or tuba
What is the difference between a melody/harmony that is diatonic versus chromatic?
Diatonic music involves only the tones, intervals, or harmonies of a major or minor scale without alteration.

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Chromatic music, while still operating in a key, may use notes outside those found in the major or minor scale currently in use.

The bassoon and English Horn are ______-reed instruments.
Which instrument has 47 strings and seven pedals?
The harp is a plucked string instrument that has existed in many different forms since ancient times.
What is a timpani?
A timpani is a tuned (pitched) percussion instrument. They are a type of drum; sound is created by hitting a membrane stretched over the open top of the bowl-shaped shell. Timpani come in many different sizes, each with a different pitch range. Most orchestras have at least two timpani (often four) that are set side by side and are played simultaneously.
What is a dissonance?
Two or more notes that when sounding together are discordant or “conflicting”.
What is a dissonance?
Two or more notes that when sounding together are discordant or “conflicting”.
What is a dissonance?
Two or more notes that when sounding together are discordant or “conflicting”.
Music in AB or two-part form, where each section is usually repeated, is said to be in __________ form.
Describe ternary form.
A compositional form which consists of 3 sections, an A section (opening material), a B section (contrasting material) and a final A section which restates the opening.
Explain rounded binary form.
A version of binary form in which second section contains contrasting material (B) as well as a repetition or reprise of the A section.

||: A :|| ||: B A :||