1390-1453 *Leading English composer of his time *His sixty or so known compositions include: Isorhythmic motets, Mass Ordinary settings, Secular songs, Three-part settings of miscellaneous liturgical texts, wrote Quam pulchra es
1400-1460 *Franco-Flemish *Leading secular composer at the court of Burgundy *Did not travel much *Incorporated English sound *Wrote 50 chansons *Spent time in the service of an English earl who was part of the forces occupying France *Worked for Philip the Good at the Burgundian court *Composed more than fifty chansons *Wrote De plus en plus
Du Fay
1400-1474 *Franco-Flemish *Sacred composer, spent much of life in Italy *Traveled widely, serving as a chapel musician in Italy and southwestern France *Wrote earliest mass based on a secular piece *One of most cosmopolitan composers of that time *Set numerous motets and Office pieces for three voices
1410-1497 *Franco-Flemish *While most northern composers spent some time in Italy, he was known in that region by reputation only. *He composed thirteen masses
1450-1521 *Franco-Flemish *Most influential composer of his time *Probably born in northern France *Served in the chapel of the duke of Anjou in the 1470s *Worked in Milan, at the Sistine Chapel in Rome, in France, and for the Duke of Ferrara *He left Ferrara in 1504, possibly to escape the plague, and took a position at the church of Notre Dame at Conde-sur-l’Escaut, where he remained until his death.
1505-1568 *Franco-Flemish *One of leading composers were initially from the north, wrote madrigals almost exclusively four voices; influenced later composers; wrote several chanson while in France
de Rore
1516-1565 *A Flemish composer, he spent most of his career in Italy. *He succeeded Adrain Willaert as music director at St. Mark’s in Venice. *Later composers greatly admired his works. *Wrote madrigals
1567-1643 *Italian Transitional Composer. *His madrigal output shows the crucial transition from settings for polyphonic vocal ensemble to instrumentally-accompanied songs (published 8 books)*Expressive power, Smooth combination of homophonic and contrapuntal part writing, Sensitivity to the sounds and meanings of words, Free use of chromaticism and dissonance (caused controversy) *Dissonances and embellishments written out
1557-1602 *English composed English-language madrigals, canzonets, and balletts. *Often Strophic, with each stanza comprising two repeated sections (AABB)
1573-1623 *English Wrote his own poetry, giving himself numerous opportunities for musical depiction, Wrote “The Triumphs of Oriana”
1563-1626 *English composer “Flow, my tears” is his best-known song. *Published in 1600 in his Second Booke of Ayres In the form of a pavane, it has three repeated strains: aabbCC. *Repetition minimizes opportunity for depicting individual words, but his music matches the dark mood of the poetry.
1505-1585 *Leading English composer in the middle of the century *Composed Latin masses and hymns *Also composed Anglican service music in English *His style weds the melody to the natural inflection of speech
1490-1562 *Flemish composer remained prominent throughout Europe *humanist movement, clarity of text even polyphonic settings . *Among the best-known composers of his time. *He held several positions in Italy. Director of music at St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice for thirty-five years *Carefully molded his music to the pronunciation of the words
1525–1594 *Italian composer *He captured the essence of the musical Counter-Reformation. *His style became a model for church-music composition and is even used by students of counterpoint even today. *Credited with saving polyphony * Wrote six-voice mass reverent and attentive to the words. *Half of his works are parody Masses. *He composed a small number of canonic Masses. *He wrote six free Masses, including the Pope Marcellus Mass.
1548-1611 *The most famous Spanish composer of the sixteenth century, he composed sacred music exclusively. *Spent two decades in Rome, where he probably knew Palestrina. *He was the first Spanish composer to master Palestrina’s style, though he had greater expressive intensity and was more chromatic
1532-1594*The last of the long line of Franco-Flemish composers, he traveled extensively. *Wrote many secular works. *Was an advocate of emotional and pictorial text expression *By age twenty-four he had published books of sacred and secular music.
1540-1623 *The most important English composer of the Renaissance *Probably studied with Thomas Tallis *Although a Catholic, he served the Church of England as organist and choirmaster and composed in all the Anglican genres. *He composed three masses, one each for three, four, and five voices