English carol
English song, usually on a religious subject, with several stanzas and a refrain, mostly polyphonic, has simple 2-3 part harmony, text in English or Latin, similar to folk music
Secular song with French words; used especially for polyphonic songs of the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries
Sixteenth-century genre of Italian polyphonic song in mock-popular style, typically syllabic, homophonic, and diatonic, with the melody in the upper voice and marked rhythmic patterns
Latin “to praise,” Italian devotional song based on sacred piece
Italian Madrigal
Sixteenth-century Italian poem having any number of lines, each of seven or eleven syllables Through composed (no repeated sections), Word painting, generally romantic *homophonic contrapunal textures. *2000 collections written in 70 years
Lute Songs
Also known as ayres, *Solo songs with lute accompaniment were popular in the early 1600s and were more intimate in nature than the madrigal *Leading composers included John Dowland and Thomas Campion *More personal than madrigal, as well as less word painting *The lute is always subordinate to the melody. *The lute part is written in tablature
*Spanish song, polyphonic, Rustic pastoral setting, represented native Spanish Music,short, strophic, homophonic, syllabic *The name of the genre is derived from the word for peasant *Intended for the elite class, the texts were rustic and popular in style. *The music was short, strophic, syllabic, and mostly homophonic, in reaction to the Franco-Flemish style.
Lutheran Chorale
*very simple and metrical verse written in native tongue. Some melodies were preexisting chants; some popular secular tunes. Polyphonic setting around the cantus firmus. The goal was for more people to be able to sing and perform devotional music. *Adapted Psalter melodies for their own services.
Psalm Tunes
Calvinist, monophonic tunes. Only music allowed in church. Polyphonic psalm settings *For devotional use at home, polyphony was allowed. *Many had four or more parts, with the tune in the soprano or tenor. *Settings were often in chordal style, but some had more elaborate motet-like arrangements.
Mensuration Canon
derived more than one voice from a single line of notated music, as when several voices sing the same melody, entering at certain intervals of time or singing at different speeds simultaneously.
Anglican church sacred son
Renaissance Motet
*Secular based motet, more broad in basis on other parts of music.