Worked as violinist, teacher, ensemble director, and composer for wealthy patrons in Rome. Composed all kinds of sonatas; church, trio, chamber, solo. Used dominant-tonic relationships.
Leading figure in the Bologna school, he composed all three types of concertos. *Used a ritornello form
Excelled in concertos and operas in Italy, *Born in Venice, he spent most of his life in that city. *He was a virtuoso violinist and a master teacher. *He composed operas, cantatas, and sacred music. *He is remembered primarily for his violin concertos.
Ritornello form
an instrumental passage that recurs several times, like a refrain. Typically, it is played at the beginning, as interludes (often in modified form), and again at the end, and it states the main theme.
stylish keyboard music in France, *his career reflects the growing diffusion of patronage in France. *He was the organist to the king. *He taught harpsichord to members of the aristocracy. *He published his own music.
Composed opera and instrumental music in France, *began his musical career as an organist in the provinces of France. *Was recognized as a theorist. *made a number of significant changes. * The melodies are derived from the harmony. *uses a richer harmonic palette, including more chromaticism.