A particularly evocative-or, if used in a disparaging sense, a thoroughly conventional-instance of text depiction or word painting
soggetto cavato dale vocali
a technique that uses a cantus firmus drawn from the vowels in a person’s name
Used in Lute songs, tells the player where to touch the strings rather than indicating pitch., much like modern guitar tabs * all vertically aligned
taking a secular song and putting religious text to it (associated with Luther)
Church of England
Created by Henry VIII after separation from Rome in 1534 *The split was more political than religious. *The music retained Catholic traditions, except that English replaced Latin.
Council of Trent
(1545-1563) Series of meetings held in Trent (Northern Italy) to purge the Church of abuses and laxities *Complaints about music regarding secular cantus firmi, complicated polyphony that obscured words, bad pronunciation, irreverent musicians, and Use of instruments *The final decision was vague, leaving it to bishops to regulate music
Renaissance dates and characteristics (culture, politics, religion, etc)
*1450-1600 *means “rebirth” *humanism was a large concept—shift from church centered mindset *Florence, Italy was center for art, where northern Europe (specifically Netherlands) was the center of the musical renaissance *Changes in idea of education and culture *Constantine fell to the Turks 1453 *End of Hundred years war *The emergence of independent compositional styles and genres for instruments *The reliance on preexistent vocal genres
Instrumental Music
*After 1450, more instrumental works were written down. Prior to that, instrumental music was largely improvised. *Distinct styles, genres, and forms emerged. *Publications of instrumental works began to proliferate after 1550. *Vocal music remained the most prestigious type of music. Instrumental was Not generally used in the church *Instruments frequently doubled or replaced accompanying voices in vocal music *Organ pieces alternated and substituted for vocal works in the Mass.
Protestant Reformation
The Reformation began as a theological dispute that was set in motion by Martin Luther in 1517 and mushroomed into a rebellion against the authority of the Catholic Church *The Reformation was a revolt against the spiritual leadership of Rome. *Calvin and his followers: France, the Low Countries, and Switzerland *Henry VIII broke with the Catholic Church in England. *Attitudes towards music varied in each of the reform movements. *Latin texts translated into German.
Contenance Angloise
English influence upon the European continent
A shift in the Renaissance from a church-centered mindset to a human-centered mindset