Esterha fAMILY
Most powerful family in Hungary that Hired Haydn in 1761. Nikolaus Ester. was the one who raised his salary. here is where Haydn worked for most of his career.
South Vienna town where Esterhazy acted as the main cour. there there were was an opera house, marionette theatre, and 2 music rooms. Haydn worked here for 30 years.
Count Morzin
Haydn served as music director for him in 1757. he wrote earliest symphonies for him.
an instrument that looks like a bass viola but has an extra set of resonating strings(6) that can be plucked like a harp. This was Nikolaus’s favorite instrument
Sturm and Drung
style of of music tht focused on agitation , counterpoint, chormaticism, dramatic surprises, and harmonic shifts. Ex. Symphony No. 41 in C Major.
Johann Peter Salomon
Imperesario violinist that convinced Haydn to come to London where Haydn conducted and composed symphonies,and composed “Creation”
Claude Francois Marie Rigol t Comte Ogny
Head of French Connoisseur soiceity who commissioned to write 3 symp9ohnies. The last set is now known as the oxford Symphony
slow introduction
The introduction that precedes the expostition that tends to beharmonically and rhythmically contrasting from the Allegro Exposition. Ex. Oxford Symphony mvmt. 1
Paris Symphonies
Commissioned for FrenchCapit al. Queen Marie Antoinette favored the Le Reine movement. It consists of 6 symphonies. it was known for the use of learned sytle and popular style, and masterful technique
London Symphonies
Written in 1790, through inivitation by Johann Peter Salomon in 1790 to compose and conduct with much of London. It consists of 12 symphonies. It has daring harmonies, rhythmic drive, thematic inventions. The orchestra is expanded and is sent to be spacious and brilliant.
oxford symphony
1789 written for a French court but is known as oxford because it was played when Haydn received his honorary doctorate from Oxford Unviersity in 1791, three years after.

Movement set up: sonata form,slow, min, fast

Baron Gottfried Van Sweiten
Austrian Ambassador to Berlin. librettist of haydns oratorios who introduced Mozart to Bach and handel(n. Ge. Composers). Ex. Arr. Bach for String Trio/Qtet,
leoopold Mozart
Mozart’s father who was a violinist for archbishop of Salzburg. he wrote a treatise on violin playing and sacrificed his own learning for his children, touring them across Europe
Johann Schobert
a harpsichordist, composer who Mozart met in paris(during the 3.5 year tour. He simulated orchestral effects through rapid figuration and chordal textures which ultimately influenced Mozart’s piano sonata.
Mozart’s Hometown. This is where was appointed 3rd concert mastter At Archbishop Colloredo’s court where he was assigned to compose church music
Haydn Quartets
Mozart’s 6 quartets that Mozart dedicted to haydn, in gratitude for all he learned from him. Here, he borrowed Haydn’s thorough development and his increasing contrapuntal texture.
opera seria
18th century genre of It opera focused on a serious subject normally with a happy ending without comic character.s
opera buffa
18th century genre of It comic opera, sung throughout. ex. Leporello, Masetto, Zerlina(Don Giovanni)
Mezzo Carattera
in opera of the late 18th century, a term for characters who fit between the categories of serious and comi ex. Donna Elvira/ Don g.
Dramma Giocoso
playful dramam includes opera seria characters and opera buffa characters and mezzo carretere haracters.
german genre of Opera featuring spoken dialogue interspersed with comic characters usually based on folklore. ex. Zauberflote
a passage in an opera/oratorio which is written in a recitative style
ex. Don Giovanni- between passage after don Giovanni swipes Commendatore and
Accompanied Recitative
recitative that uses orchestral accompaniment to dramatic text.
shortened a section of a Da capo Aria.
Lyrical monologue in an opera
DA Ponte
librettist of Figaro, Don, Cosif Fan Tutti. he staye din opera buffa style but intensified social tensions between social classes.
literary text for an opera
Ensemble finale,
at eend of an act where all characters were gradually brought on stage as as the action continued. In this sense it combines realism with action as they all voice their personal problems.
Napoleon Bonaparte
an army general an dwar hero who became First Consul fof the French republic and crowned himself as emperor. He ended the holy Roman empir e and expanded French territories with the assistance of his siblings. His rule was over by 1815 but he originally fought for uniform legal system and low taxes.
paris Conservatoire
governmentally founded music school that was a part of the new national system of education that made training available to all. It served as a model school for others,
Johann George Albrechsts berger
the author of a famous composit8ion treatise with whom Beethoviaen studied counterpoint with.
Prince Karl von Linchnowsky
howuse where Beehoven had rooms. he would sponsor Beethoven’s concerts and Beethoven dedicated 3 piano trios to him.
Count Razumovsky
Russian ambassador o Vienna who played 2nd violin in quartet in Europe. as tribute to him, Beethoven used Russian melodies/style( pedal points and extreme range and fugal passage)
Archduke Rudolph
brother of Emperor franz, who joined Prince Kinsky and prince Franch Joseph von Lokowitz to provide bEethovena na annuity to stay in vienn. he was also Beethoven’s student in piano composition.
Heiligenstadt Testament.
letter in which Beethoven tells his brother of his deafness, how he is suicidal but is now living for the art.
song cycle
a group of songs performed ina succession that tell or suggest a story ex. An die Ferne Geliebte ( to the distant beloved)
Johann Von Schiller
the poet who wrote ode to joy, a poem set as a choral finale in the 9th symphony. He also was the possible inspiration to Beet’s pathetique sonata in which you triumph grief with reason.
Ode to Joy
text is froma poem written by Schiller. The thematic focus revolves around universal fellowship thrugh joy and its basis in the love the of an eternal heavenly father. The music includes recit(both), choral orchestral “joy” exposition, fugue material, with a choral coda.