expulsion out of Canada. Gumbo culture with lots of different culture
first “country” commercial recording
1602 cajun people chased their heritage to France to E. Canada to Southwest Louisiana. Now known as Nova Scotia
Amede Ardoin
black cajun player, 1920s into 30s
mainstream american, white, angle pore (english speaking), protestant
effort to become mainstream. cajun was an insult
balfa brothers
appeared at New Port Festival in 1964, huge success
Bill Monroe
played the mandolin, bluegrass boys, late 1940s
nickname for kentucky
border radio
selling things on the radio
southwest louisiana, trace their heritage to Acadia
cajun accordian
button accordion, became available through mail order, mass produced puff instrument, very strong
cajun cultural revival
revival of pride, post ww2, of the returning soldiers
cajun twin fiddling
originated in France and Canada, drone and melody style, would play with two fiddles
carter family
trio of family musicians, became national stars.
Maybelle Carter
guitarist, she’s really responsible for country guitarists
Claw hammer
right hand technique, original style from Africa, someone has to teach you.
clifton cheneir
mid 20th century pian accordion, incorporated blues into the accordion.
country and western
1930s-40s combo in western clothing with country music in nashville
french and african heritage in Southwest Louisiana
Dan Emmett
minstrel show performer, composer of Dixie
Dennis McGee
cajun fiddler
Dr. John Brinkley
tried to sale his medicines on the radio, got attention by playing country music
earl scruggs
blue grass player, decidedly not a hillbilly, his sound became a necessity of blue grass. created his own playing style in contrast to claw hammer style, he used finger picks
elevation of banjo
1890s banjo manufacturers were expanding their markets to women
fiddlin John
from atlanta, created first country music recording “Old hen cackled”
folk revival
post ww2 young, northern, college educated musicians embracing older southern styles
percussion instrument in zydeco
golden age of radio
1930s-notion of great depression, notion of border radio, grand ole opry
golden age of recording
grand ole opry
weekly radio show (running since 1930s), Nashville variety show, “Strictly clean and decent”, conservative, rural audience
hackberry ramblers
hank williams
possibly the greatest country singer, combined country and western style, guy who died at 30, people try to imitate his performances, lifestyle, and writing style,
stereotype of southern rural white performers-taken from minstrel shows, cultivated by record company for a marketing image
honky tonk
beer joint where young musicians play, hank williams was the beginning of this
jim crow
black man character in minstrel sows, stock character (well-known)
les haircots sont pas sail
title of a song, “beans dont have no salt”
mail order
catalogs selling instruments through the mail, especially sears
minstrel shows
popular entertainment through civil war and a little after, comic/nostalgic parodies, main band instrument: banjo
city that grew up around country music, country music capitol, created a radio show and all performers, producers, tailors, and lawyers moved down there
nashville sounds
growing recording industry; the recording was the most important thing, involved a lot of back up singers
new port fold festival
1964, Balfa brothers played and became stars put cajun music on the map
Nova Scotia
new scotland, what was formerly Acadia (since 1755)
Nudia Cahn
hungarian immigrant tailor in nashville, created costumes
petit fer
triangle, zydeco musicians prefer, played by clifton cheneir
Sears, Roebuck & Co.
worlds largest store had a radio station (WLS) to compete with country music radio stations.
southwest louisiana
geographic region, home of the cajuns
stephen foster
19th century Motzart, songwriter and composer fro minstrel shows
strictly cleana nd decent
grand ole opry motto
texas style cajun
assimilation style hackberry ramblers
WW2 generation cajun
cajun musicians who returned and embraced their heritage, took on the accordion, spoke french
radio station, million watt, put on by Dr. Brinkley, got everyone exposed to country music
accordion driven music of South West Louisiana