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1919 – A system that photographed sound waves onto film



1922 – invented.

Made of vacuum tube that would push the electronic sound through speakers (ex amplification)



Fox Movietone Newsreels


Used the “Sound-On-Film” method.

Recorded soundwaves directly onto the film.

First successful sound films.



First Hit Song


1926 – “Charmaine” by Erno Rape

from the film “what Price For Glory”



“The Jazz Singer”


1927 – first film synchronized dialogue.

used the vitophone system.

musical score supervised by Louis Silvers



Vitophone Sound System


synchronized sound with cameras recorded on 17′ discs



downside of sound recorded onto film:


no need for live music = unemployed musicians


silent movie star voices now heard – does voice match the face etc?



microphone boom


invented to reach the awkward places, especially for outdoor recording



why were cameras placed in sound-proof cubicles?


what were the downsides?


to eliminate the noises of recording being picked up on the microphones


the subicles limited camera angles


were claustrophobic



early microphones


hard to use.

large and awkward.

picks up everything (omni-directional)

often distorted.



what was the movie standard?


ultimately fox’s sound-on-film system

became the movie standard


1928 brought about…


the transition from silent to sound films.


all 6 major film studios agreed to use the sound-on-film system.


cameras had soundproofed casing.



first all talking sound feature


“Lights of New York”

(Warner Bros – 1928)



first sound film featured in England



(Alfred Hitchcock – 1929)


featured a silent version and a sound version to accommodate all theaters