A piece designed to divert, amuse and entertain
Who was the emperor during Vienna’s Golden Years?
Emperor Joseph II
“inventions” during the Enlightenment?
-Coffee House
-Public Concert
-Rococo Paintings
-Pursuit of Happiness
Style features of Classical Music?
Natural, pleasing variety.
What about Rhythm, Dynamics, Tone Color, Melody, Texture and Counterpoint changed in classical music?
Rhythm – pleasing variety reigned supreme; tempo and meter remained constant but the rhythms of the themes tend to differ – contrasts!
Dynamics – More specific, more flexibility and variety
Tone Colour: Emergence of the classical orchestra – woodwinds, brass, percussion, piano
Melody: Simple and clear, un complicated, singable melodies w clear phrases – tunes
Texture – primarily homophony
Classical Counterpoint: more delicate, unobtrusive – to create tension
Themes in classical music tend to be _________. Themes are ____ ____ and ________ _____ distinctively.
…repeated… led into… closed off…
Most important Classical Forms?
Sonata, minuet, rondo, and theme and variations.
Classical Symphony Movements:
Opening –
1st – Sonata, fast-moderate tempo
2nd – any form, slow-very slow temp
3rd- Minuet with trio, moderate tempo
4th-Sonata or rondo, Fast-very fast
Sonata Form:
A – Exposition
– First Theme in tonic key – memorable tune
– Bridge/Transition – Modulation – dynamic forward movement
– Second Group – new themes that contrast with the first theme in melody, dynamics etc. as well as in key. One theme may stand out as the “second theme”
– Cadence theme – makes a solid ending prior to full stop and the big repeat; repeated cadences.
B – Development
Contrasting themes and ideas; use of counterpoint, modulations
– Retransition – returns to first key
A’ – Recapitulation
Repeats everything, may be minor changes but everything is in tonic key. Bridge must be rewritten.
Coda – Optional
Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, K. 550, First Movement
Sonata Form
Opening texture is melody with a strictly homophonic accompaniment
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozard
Classical Variation Form
Creating many contrasting moods with the same theme. In classical variation, the variations are on short tunes in the upper register.
The true musical musical representative of the Enlightenment
Franz Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 95 in C minor, third movement
by Franz Joseph Haydn
Cello solo
a piece for three instruments or singers or the 2nd or B section of a minuet movement, scherzo etc.
classical dance form is aka
ternary form
Symphony No. 95 in C Minor, Fourth Movement
Franz Joseph Hayden
a musical form consistening of one main theme or tune alternating with other themes or sections ABACA, ABACABA