Dates of Classical Period
What were two big events happening during this era

American Revolution (1775-1783)

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French Revolution (1789-1799)

What are the characteristics of classical music

singable, lyrical melody; diatonic harmony; regular rhythms and meters; homophonic texture; and frequent use of folk elements.


Diatonic- Melody or harmony built from the seven tones of a major or minor scale. A diatonic scale encompasses patterns of seven whole tones and semitones.

texture with principal melody and accompanying harmony, as distinct from polyphony.
Who sponsored the musicians
the aristocracy
Classicism in music
Great experementation challanages. To perfect large scale forms of instrumental music that exploited the major-minor system to the fullest degree. This lead to the Sonata, the string quartet, the concerto, and the symphony, among others.
Who was in the Vianesse school
Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven and their successor Franz Schubert.
Absolute music
is just music for itself
multi movement cycle

First movement- Long, dramatic, Allegro. Sonata-Allegro form. Mozart, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, I and Beethoven, Symphony No. 5, I.

Second movement- Slow, lyrical, Andante, Adagio. Theme and variations. (or A-B-A).

Third movement(optional)- Dancelike Allegro, Allegretto. Minuet and Trio (18th c.) from Scherzo and Trio (19th c.) form. Mozart, Eine Kleine Nactmusik, III and Beach, Sonata for Violin and Piano.

Fourth Movement(last)- Lively, spirited Allegro, Vivace. Rondo (or sonata-rondo, sonata-allegro) form. Haydn, Trumpet Concerto, last movement.