brought increased opportunities for professional training and exposure for black compose
Antebellum period
period before civil war, when slavery was still the law of the land
Frank johnson
leading black composer
Emancipation Proclamation- official 1863
– official 1863 proclamation by president lincoln which freed slaves below the mason dixon line
Harlem Renaissance
period of literacy and artistic flowering by african american intellectuals
Shirley Graham
Mrs web dubois
Brown vs board of education
Third stream
style that combines jazz improv with instrumentation and compositional forms associated with classical music loud armstrong and duke ellington
Double Consciousness
– possession of dual cultural identity or allegiance articulated by web dubois