the regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
the organization of beats into regular groups.
the stressing of a note, for example, by playing it somewhat louder than the surrounding notes.
Bar line-
In musical notation, a vertical line through the staffs to mark the measure.
Simple Meter-
A meter in which the main beats are not subdivided, or are subdivided into two e.g. 2/4, ?, 4/4.
Duple Meter-
A meter consisting of one accented beat alternating with one unaccented beat: one two one two.
Triple Meter-
A meter consisting of one accented beat alternating with two unaccented beats: one two three one two three
Compound Meter-
A meter in which the main beats are subdivided into three, e.g. 6/8—one two three four five six.
No meter is heard.
Accenting a weak beat.
the speed of the beat; the basic pace of the music.
smooth, connected style of articulation.
a short, detached style of articulation.
Time Signature-
In musical notation, the numbers on the staff at the beginning of a piece that indicate the meter.
Staff (or stave)-
In musical notation, the group of five horizontal lines on which music is written.
Ledger lines-In musical notation, short lines above or below the staff to allow for pitches that go higher or lower.
In musical notation, a sign at the beginning of the staff indicating the pitches of the lines and spaces.
The main clefs
are treble (or G) clef, and the bass (or F) clef.
In musical notation, a sign indicating that a sharp or flat previously attached to a note is to be removed.
Key Signatures-
Sharps or flats placed at the beginning of the staffs to indicate the key, and applied throughout an entire piece, in every measure and in every octave.
The full musical notation for a piece involving several or many performers.
The aspect of music having to do with the succession of pitches; also applied (“a melody”) to any particular succession of pitches.
A simple, easily singable melody that is coherent and complete.
Phrases-a section of melody or a tune.
a section of melody or a tune.
Triad (Chord)-
A grouping of pitches played and heard simultaneously.
Arpeggio (broken chord)-
splits pitches apart
The high point of a melody or of a section of music.
-(1) In a melody, a series of fragments identical except for their placement at successively higher or lower pitch levels. (2) In the Middle Ages, a type of plainchant in which successive phrases of text receive nearly identical melodic treatment.
The notes or chords (or the whole short passage) ending a section of music with a feeling of conclusiveness. The term “cadence” can be applied to phrases, sections of works, or complete works or movements.
A short fragment of melody or rhythm used in constructing a long section of music.
The basic subject matter of a piece of music. A theme can be a phrase, a short motive, a full tune, etc.
The progression of chords and how they follow each other.
Intervals or chords that sound relatively tense and unstable; in opposition to “consonance.”
To proceed from dissonant harmony to consonant harmony.
a unit or grouping of a fixed number of beats.
Intervals or chords that sound relatively stable and free of tension; as opposed to “dissonance.”