Bedrich Smetana
Composer. Best known for “The Moldau” and the opera “the bartered Bride”
Concert Overature
One-movement, self-contained musical work intended for performance in the concert hall.
Peter llyich Tchaikovsky
prolific composer best known for his last three symphonies (no.4,5,and 6, orchestral works including Romeo and Juliet,three ballets-Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty,and the Nutcracker, and eleven operas including Queen of Spades
Incidental Music
Music written to accompany a play.
Felix Mendelssohn
Fanny Menndelsohn Hensel
Johannes Brahms
Piano, four hands
Two players playing a piano at the same time.
Three notes fitted into the time in which only two of those notes would normally fit.
Gustav Mahler
Anton Bruckner
Antonin Dvorak
Bel Canto
“Beautiful song.” A vocal technique emphasizing beauty and purity of tone and agility on executing ornamental details.
Giacomo Puccini
Guiseppe Verdi
“Realism.” An italian operatic point of view favoring realistic subjects taken from everyday, often lower class, life.
“Leading motive.” A musical motive representing a particular charactor, object,idea or emotional state. Used espesially in Richard Wagners operas.
Music Drama
Richard Wagners term for his operas.
Richard Wagner
Claude Debussy
A late nineteenth century artistic movement that sought to capture the visual impression rather than the literal reality of the subject. Also, in music, a style belonging primarily to Debussy, characterized by an emphasis on mood and atmosphere, sensuos tone colors, elegance, and beauty of sound.
A subtle French poetic style from the late nineteenth century that stressed the sound and color of the words and suggested rather than clearly outlined the maening or story behind the text.
Maurice Ravel
A rapid sliding up or down the scale.
In music of the early twentieth century, the philosophy that musical composition should be approached with objectivity and restraint. Neoclassical composers were attracted to the textures and forms of the Baroque and Classical periods.
Igor Stravinsky
Bela Bartok
Alban Berg
Anton Webern
Arnold Schoenberg
Twelve Tone